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Midterm

PHIL 3200 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Illocutionary Act, Perlocutionary Act, Locutionary Act


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 3200
Professor
Alexandra Olivia Sultanescu
Study Guide
Midterm

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Notes on Grice “Meaning” , Ausn “How to do things with words” and Davison
“Communication and convention”
- using a word vs mentioning it
Used : X is my fav city
mentioned: ‘x’ is my fav word ; ’xxxxxxxxxxxx’ is
false
- Natural Language vs Artificial Language (= formal Language
(logic)
- Syntax (grammetical categories) vs Semantics
(meaning,dependence, theory ) vs Pragmatics ( sarcasm,
metaphor, implicature)
- Demonstratives (that,this , I,…) are meaningless labels in
language
- Analytic synthetic distinction/ a priori , a posteriori /
Necessary vs Contingent Truth
Thursday, January 7, 2016 -> Grice : Meaning
study questions week 1
1. What are the distinctive marks of non-natural meaning,
according to Grice?
- 5 distinctions of natural and non natural (chck paper)
1) In NN meaning “ claim that s means that p” one can not infer
p; in N meaning however p is a truism
2) Inferences can only be made in non natural meanings about the
sentence
3) Agents are only involved (and maybe inferred upon)in nn
meaning (natural meanings are ~fixed~)… Linguistic meaning (NN
meaning)
For natural meaning, ‘means’ maybe replaced with is a symptom
of
intention
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