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Lecture 13 - 6 Point Definition and 2 Dangers of Ideology (no lecture 12, lecture 12 was midterm exam)

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Political Science
POLS 1000
Martin Breaugh

Lecture 13New outlook emerged during renaissance Rising of the merchant class bourgeoisie earn a living producingselling things for profit o Practicalo New ethic good and usefulBring changes to philosophy philosophers will have to be more aware of human needs and capacitiesth Fully flourished during 18 century enlightenmento Through reason human beings can become autonomous we all have an idea of how we lead our own livesInformed liberal thoughtInventor of the term ideology Antoine Destutt de Tracy suggest replace philosophy with ideology because its tied to Christian thought Napoleon attack the ideologist dreamers utopians makers of ideas ban the teaching of moral and political sciencesIdeology fall into disreputeKarl Marx and Engels argued that ideology do exist if we were to understand society we must analyze them o Critical analyze ideologies in Europe o Analysis make up the foundations upon which we understand ideology today o An ideology is an interpretation of the movement of reality given by a particular social class o Justify the interest of social class by presenting their particular class of interest as universal and even necessary for human well beingEg conservative ideology social hierarchy is good and natural because they ensure the happiness of all giving a stable structureOffer a fixed identity peasants are peasantsEmphasis on social hierarchy corresponds to a particular class interestNaturalizes something thats conventionalNo ideology without a social force behind there are incomplete ideologies6 Point definition of ideology o An ideology is a global system of thoughtWhen people adhere to ideology it will induce behaviours believes ideas values and attitudes that are specific 32 FreedenEg socialist refuse subordination not accept hierarchies like conservativesModes of being in societySystem of thought represents interest and inspirations of social forceMade up of principles and theoretical notions that offer a global interpretation of history society and human existence Take the perspective of a particular point of view but present it being universal necessary
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