PSYC 1010 TEST 1
VIDEO #14: The Mind Hidden and Divided
- Used hypnosis to see why the patient was depressed post-operation.
- She was unconscious from anasthesia but heard from the surgeon that she may have
- So traumatic it caused depression even though it was false.
- The comment was buried in the subconscious, not available to the conscious awareness.
- Was made available and retrieved via hypnosis.
- In experiments following the anaesthesiologists gave positive and negative comments.
- Patients could not report awareness but under hypnosis, the negative message patients
could give verbatim recollection of the comments and some showed anxiety.
- Positive comments mean smaller amounts of painkillers and discharged earlier than
those hearing silence or music in operations.
- Subconscious processing during anaesthesia is complex and difficult to demonstrate
- Can events and experiences taking place below level of consciousness alter our moods,
bias actions and change our health?
- Brains are separated into cognitive modules (mini brains).
- Each is designed to do specific job like speaking, reading or drawing.
- Our minds are devoted to concealing truths we would rather not face like unpleasant
memories or current experiences.
- Consciousness can take on various disguises.
- To know yourself know conscious and subconscious.
- Certain chemical substances can change how mind functions and personality is
- Consciousness can be profoundly altered by psychoactive drugs known as hallucinogens
like LSD, psilocybin and mescaline and marijuana.
- 90% of 500 societies practice culturally patterned form of consciousness alteration via
drugs sometimes. Sometimes by meditation or fasting.
- Traumatic events can alter consciousness even in the past.
- Recovered or discovered memories are situations in which individuals believe they have
remembered long-forgotten incidences of abuse.
- Some say they are largely product of therapist suggestion or did not happen, others
think they are true and product of long forgotten and repressed memories.
- JR molested as child, did not emerge until adult. Was it true?
- One of the most important aspects in determining the credibility of a discovered
memory is to obtain confirmatory evidence. - How can you forget trauma of molestation of rape? Hence researchers not believing it.
- Confirmed cases of discovered memory show how powerful the conscious and
unconscious domains of human psyche can be.
- Freud pioneered exploration of unconscious.
- Primal sexual desires, aggressive urges and painful memories are exiled here to him.
- These traumatic thoughts and feelings which threaten to overwhelm individual if let
loose are forcibly removed from our conscious awareness by the process of repression.
- Over time though, the binds in unconscious begin to loosen. The alarm goes off of acute
anxiety showing that escape to conscious awareness if imminent.
- To prevent, ego-defensive mechanisms are called upon which act to restrain the
imprisoned thoughts and feelings at all cost.
- More heavy handed the defenses are, the greater the pressure for escape and the less
energy the person has to deal with reality until the entire system cracks under strain
and mental illness results.
- For Freud, this dynamic of the human unconscious influences all our choices, decisions,
memories, and dreams.
- It’s even behind “Freudian slips”.
- He feels those errors are windows in unconscious feelings which may have remained
- Unconsciousness operates whenever we feel or act without being aware of what’s
influencing us, whether it’s a stimulus from the current situation or from our past.
- Hypnosis is a dramatic window on different levels of consciousness. The patient gets
changes in perception, memory, behavior and bodily functions. The hypnotist is a mere
coach facilitating optimal performance of subject.
- Under hypnosis you can change certain aspects of