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Midterm

COGNITION EXAM 1 NOTES.pdf


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3260
Professor
Carly Mc Morris
Study Guide
Midterm

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COGNITION
EXAM 1: THURSDAY FEBRUARY 7TH, 2013
CHAPTERS 1-4
Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Outline
Review Course Outline
Course Objectives and Description
Textbook & On-line Resource
Course Structure and Requirements
Brief Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Questions
Office hours are appointment only. BSB building. TA is available by appointment only as well.
8:30-11am lecture and last half hour is to ask questions
Assignment that was suppose to be due next week is now due the week after (Jan 24th).Therefore
two labs are due that day.
SLIDES WILL BE ON MOODLE
Cog lab instructions included
The experiments can be from 10-45 minutes long
Tests
Non cumulative
3 hours
MC and essay/long answer questions. Presented with 4 questions and choose two to respond
to.
About Me
4th Year PhD student in the Clinical-Developmental
Area in the Psychology Department
Academic, research, and clinician
Area of research and clinical interest is in Pervasive
Developmental Disorders (PDDs)
What are PDDs??
Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs)
Severe psychological problems emerging in infancy
Difficulties in three areas: communication, social relationships, and behaviours
What Does This Have to do With Cognition?
Course Objectives:
1.Understand main principals, theories, models, and empirical findings of cognitive processes
2. Demonstrate the ability to read, understand, conduct, and write an experimental study
3. Relate cognitive processes to everyday situations
Cont'd
Course Objectives:
1. Understand main principals, theories, models, and empirical findings of cognitive processes
2. Demonstrate the ability to read, understand, conduct, and write an experimental study
3. Relate cognitive processes to everyday situations**
Required Textbook + Online Resource
Required Textbook:

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Goldstein, B.E. (2011). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience
(3rd Edition) Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Required On-line Resource:
CogLab 2.0
Required for both weekly assignments and research report
Where to Get These
Text book + CogLab 2.0 access code are available as a package at the York University Bookstore – ISBN:
1111658404
Book is also available in the reserves at Scott Library or at the discount book store on Keele Street
** Do not buy a used CogLab 2.0 Access**
The York University Bookstore has ordered individual CogLab 2.0 access codes that can be purchased
Available early next week
Cog Lab 2.0
Once you have received your CogLab 2.0 Access Code follow the below steps
1. http://coglab.wadsworth.com/
2. Scroll down to Students click on Create an Account
3. Read the instructions provided
4. Scroll down and enter in the Group ID: PSYC3260
5. Enter in the Access Password: yorkuca
6. Enter in your Registration Code (code you will be purchasing)
Once you have created your account, you will have access to the experiments that you are required to
complete each week (see schedule in course outline)
After completing each experiment, please save your data
You will be using this data for the research report
Has a time stamp (she knows when you finished it) Needs to be done before class starts.
5% worth overall
Will receive a zero if you do not do it
Just need to do it for marks. She does not care how well.
Pick one of the experiments for your research report. When doing so, you will be using the data
of the whole class not just your own.
Submit assignment in class
Research Report
2 pages written per section (Intro, methods, discussion etc)
Double spaced
Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology
What is the capital of Canada?
OTTAWA
What cognitive processes were involved with you coming up with the answer?
Visual Imagery
Perception
Attention
Short-term/Working Memory
Long-Term Memory
Knowledge
Language
And others…
What is the capital of Canada? → Ottawa. If you thought Toronto you are
demonstrating a false memory.
What cognitive processes were involved with you coming up with the answer?
Memory

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Retrieval
Storage
Categorization
Knowledge
Attention
Language
Perception/Visual Imagery
Short term-Long term memory
and others....
Chapter 2: Part 1-Intro
Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology
Refer to diagram on slides 2 and 3
Different processes involved in cognition simultaneously.
These are unconscious processes.
Cannot remember something = aware of process.
Some Questions to Consider
How is cognitive psychology relevant to everyday experience?
Are there practical applications of cognitive psychology?
Application: what happens when you cannot process something?
Therefore, it is important to understand the basics (ex. Brain injury).
How impairments affect our daily life.
Example: amnesia.
Cont'd
How is it possible to study the inner workings of the mind when we can't really see the mind directly?
What is the connection between computers and the study of the mind?
Problem: cannot ask people what is going on unconsciously and it is difficult to understand the mind
when one does not have language.
Example: Visual Cliff Experiment ~Eleanor J. Gibson and Richard J. Walker
Toddler trying to determine depth
Perception experiment
Mother tries to call the child to the deep end of the checkered floor.
The baby does not do so therefore they perceive depth.
Cognitive psychologists stated depth perception starts to occur between ages 6-10 months.
6 months and younger crossed over.
The First Cognitive Psychologists
Donders (1868)
Mental Chronometry
Measuring how long a cognitive process takes
Reaction-time (RT) experiment
Measures interval between stimulus presentation and person's response to stimulus
Mental Chronometry
Ability to develop a response time to infer something about behaviour.
Donders
How long does it take for one to make a decision.
Task
(a) Reaction time task → see a light on the computer and press the button J.
(b) Choice reaction time task → see light on left of screen press J, see light on right
side of screen press K.
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