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SOSC 1000 - Environment and Indigenous Peoples (Comprehensive)

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

Royal Proclamation Who Created by Great Britain for the Indigenous Peoples of Canada by King George III What Constitutional framework for the negotiation of Indian treaties with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada, much like a Indian “Bill of Rights” When 1763 Documentary – “James Bay: The Wind that Keeps on Blowing” (Up to 1991) Summary - Hydro Quebec decided to create hydroelectric system in northern Québec, what they deemed to be a “wasteland”. There were two phases to this system, the first phase taking about 14 years to complete. - Initially, the Cree people were ignored; however, they eventually received $130,000,000 as well as exclusive rights in exchange for the land usage. Ecological Problems o As phase 1 had finished, the Cree people began to think they had been swindled, as no one had discussed the environmental impact of these dam systems. These consequences included destroying: fish spawning grounds, migrant geese patterns, natural currents and ice formation, and others, all of which are interdependent with one another. o Cree were soon forced out of their homes, as they soon found out that the fish they had been eating were high in mercury causing many health problems among them. Social Problems o When forced to relocate, the Cree lost their cultural heritage and were forced to move into modernity. o Problems included alcoholism/drug use, hanging around malls, and poverty. - Phase 2 began in the later 1980s, reversing seasonal waters. There were no known effects, yet this was no reason to continue developing such a large scale project. As David Suzuki highlights, how can we ever know for sure that the environment won’t be negatively affected? James Bay – Nowadays Became national issue – Cree sailed from Hudson’s bay to New York in a Canoe 1994 – New York cancelled contract with Hydro Quebec. 1998 – Less and less interest in James Bay by public 2002 – Agreement made between Cree, Inuit and Hydro Quebec. 2004 – Planning Began 2007-Now – Construction Began Buffy Sainte-Marie - Adopted, grew up in non-indigenous home. - Educator, entertainer, activist - Post James Bay Issues Creation of Dependency By removing natural sources of agriculture, we are dependent on artificial, potentially unsafe products and foods. These sources are being removed through using resources as staples for the economy (See Innis). As Buffy Sainte-Marie wrote in her song, what happens when the b
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