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October 17th Question.docx

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1510
Professor
David Langille
Semester
Winter

Description
Question 2: Harvey Krahn, author of this week’s reading, Work, Industry, and Canadian Society, talks about the various ways of categorizing workers and their jobs, the National Occupational Classification system and the trends affecting blue, white, and pink collar workers. In Canadian society, it can be argued that the main type of economic activity is industrial work. Industrial work has a few sectors that fall under it. Firstly, there is the primary sector which includes “agriculture, mining, forestry, and other resources extraction industries”. Secondly, there is the secondary sector which includes “manufacturing and construction, where goods are produced from the raw materials supplied by the primary sector”. Third and lastly, there is the tertiary sector where services are provided such as finance, education, retail trade, etc. rather than products. In the early 1900s, half of the population of the Canadian labour forces were working in the primary sector but by 1951, it has dropped down to less that 20% while the third sector where services are provided jumped up to nearly 50% of all workers. Ever since, the primary and secondary sector has dramatically declined while the tertiary sector has now climbed up to 78% of all workers. These statistics now clearly indicate that we are living in a service dominated economy. Krahn states that for many years, Canada has been using the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system to differentiate between occupations. This system categorizes all occupations on a skill level of A, B, C, and D. Skill levelAwould be recognized as “upper-tier services” while skill level D would be recognized as “lower-tier services”. Im
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