SOSC 1000 Study Guide - Final Guide: David Suzuki, Reformism, Our Common Future
Course CodeSOSC 1000
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Created by Great Britain for the Indigenous Peoples of Canada by King
Constitutional framework for the negotiation of Indian treaties with the
Aboriginal peoples of Canada, much like a Indian “Bill of Rights”
Documentary – “James Bay: The Wind that Keeps on Blowing” (Up to 1991)
- Hydro Quebec decided to create hydroelectric system in northern Québec, what they deemed
to be a “wasteland”. There were two phases to this system, the first phase taking about 14
years to complete.
- Initially, the Cree people were ignored; however, they eventually received $130,000,000 as well
as exclusive rights in exchange for the land usage.
o As phase 1 had finished, the Cree people began to think they had been swindled, as no
one had discussed the environmental impact of these dam systems. These
consequences included destroying: fish spawning grounds, migrant geese patterns,
natural currents and ice formation, and others, all of which are interdependent with one
o Cree were soon forced out of their homes, as they soon found out that the fish they had
been eating were high in mercury causing many health problems among them.
o When forced to relocate, the Cree lost their cultural heritage and were forced to move
o Problems included alcoholism/drug use, hanging around malls, and poverty.
- Phase 2 began in the later 1980s, reversing seasonal waters. There were no known effects, yet
this was no reason to continue developing such a large scale project. As David Suzuki highlights,
how can we ever know for sure that the environment won’t be negatively affected?
James Bay – Nowadays
Became national issue – Cree sailed from Hudson’s bay to New York in a Canoe
1994 – New York cancelled contract with Hydro Quebec.
1998 – Less and less interest in James Bay by public
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