SOSC 1350 Study Guide - Marilyn Waring, Equal Pay For Equal Work, Glass Ceiling

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PAID AND UNPAID LABOUR
Women constitute 1/2 of the world’s population, perform nearly
2/3 of its work hours, receive 1/10 of the world's income and still
own less than 1% of the world's property.
—United Nations
1. Thinking Through the Relationship Between Gender, Paid
and Unpaid Labour
-the three classic: pay equality, equity and sexual harassment
a. film clip : Who's Counting? Marilyn Waring on
Sex, Lies and Global Economics (Canada, 1995)
-Marilyn (first female MP in New Zealand, and elected when she was 23) she Is also an
economist
-^ quite influential in the UN
-Cathy is a housewife from New Zealand and ben works for the military (from US)
-^ she is economically enactive and currently unoccupied
-^ Ben is economically active, his work has value not like Cathy’s occupation as a housewife
b. discussion of case studies: Cathy and Ben
-Cathy is working all day and longer than 8 hrs, she is not considered not working at all
-Clearly, she’s active not considered economically not active
-Whereas Ben is just sitting and waiting for the command for nuclear war, he is considered
economically active and is paid (not like Cathy)
c. the value of reproductive labour ($38,412.50 or
higher?)
-current minimum wage, that a stay-at-home mom (50hrs a year) would make $38,412.50 if they
were to pay her
-Prior to WWII, there were a few women that participated in the paid labour market
-Often discussions like these, (that are after WWI) confusion cause working class and women of
colour have been working all their lives
-“pin” money would quit working after they got married
-^ some women have always worked all their lives and these women were regulated in their
occupation to have poor pay
-It changed after WWII since large # of men were compelled to join the military and there was a
massive labour shortage, (since they needed weapons) so they compelled women to work
-^ by paying them well, and national child care, where women can leave their children in decent
daycare so they can work
-Initially, single women were compelled to join but was not enough, then married women were
asked (then nationally child care program was established)
-After the war, women were fired and ridiculed since the men came back to work
-^ women had difficulty to not work since it was the first time women could get pay
-A lot of women, had low pay compared to men, and children enjoyed daycare and women
enjoyed working
-In the 1950s and 1960s # of universities were built and needed students, so those students were
women
-^ these women found that they weren’t paid as much as men or promoted or opportunities as men
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Document Summary

Women constitute 1/2 of the world"s population, perform nearly. 2/3 of its work hours, receive 1/10 of the world"s income and still own less than 1% of the world"s property. United nations: thinking through the relationship between gender, paid and unpaid labour the three classic: pay equality, equity and sexual harassment film clip a. Marilyn (first female mp in new zealand, and elected when she was 23) she is also an. Cathy is a housewife from new zealand and ben works for the military (from us) ^ she is economically enactive and currently unoccupied. ^ ben is economically active, his work has value not like cathy"s occupation as a housewife b. discussion of case studies: cathy and ben. Cathy is working all day and longer than 8 hrs, she is not considered not working at all. Clearly, she"s active not considered economically not active. Prior to wwii, there were a few women that participated in the paid labour market.

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