SOSC 2150 Study Guide - Critical Race Theory, Michel Foucault

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10 Mar 2011

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Understanding Health theories, concepts and disciplinary approaches
Studying Health: an social science approach
-interdisciplinary studies:
-methodological approach that crosses all boundaries between academic
-uses methods and insights of several established disciplines
-synthesizes perspectives, knowledge, epistemiology
(investigates origin, nature, methods and limits of human knowledge)
-largely newer than academic means (history sciences)
-merged 1960’s-1970’s, post war
-merges info from all social backgrounds (multidisciplinary-single
-strong emphasis is based on understanding health as a social-cultural
phenomena (not solely biology based) produced by a wide range of factors
-race, ethnicity, gender, geographical, regional factors, dominant cultural factors
Socio-cultural phenomena:
-health is a product of a broad range of factors economical, social, political, ecological,
-how health is produced -lay definitions of health
-changing patterns of health-subjective experience of health
-cultural meanings associated with illness, disease and disability
- how do we view their subjective experience and health
Sickness vs. illness
-medical doctor tells you -subjective behaviour
-physical pain, measurable-not necessarily measurable
1) explanation of observable phenomena
2) analytic tool for understanding and explaining a particular subject matter
3) scientific” presents evidence and logically argues
4) Critical perspective or theory
-the perspective the author writes in, their personal bias
-critically think, an educated guess, process by which research/writers integrate
the question why
-theory is substantiated by its ability to be defended by evidence, a lot of evidence
it’s strong-a little is flawed
Theory Paradigms
Political economy:
-economic organization influenced health care and health care systems
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