[CRJ 305] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 14 pages long Study Guide!

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ASU
CRJ 305
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1
Feminist Scholarship
Represents a number of perspectives that place women and the concerns of women at their
center
Works from the premise that the legal system and the criminal justice system operate under
class, race, and gender biases
There are many feminist perspectives; each is linked to different assumptions about causes of
gede ieualit ad woes oppessio
Three myths of feminism
Feminism lacks objectivity
Feminist analysis narrowly focuses on women
There is only one feminist perspective
What does feminism bring to the study of crime and the criminal justice system?
Addresses changing roles in society (crime as the domain of men)
Develops different methodology (asks different question)
Redefines legal concepts/policies (spousal battery, rape)
Perspectives of Feminism
Liberal Feminism
Seen as mainstream for two reasons:
o Adheres to basic democratic principles of liberalism
o Chooses to work within established political and legal structure
3 Roots of Oppression
1. Lack of civil rights and educational opportunities
2. Government intrusion into private lives (focusing on reproductive processes)
3. How sexual roles make women subservient to men
Marxist Feminism
Adopts a conflict perspective;
o Argues that society is not structured so that everyone has equal right and opportunities
Critical view of structure of capitalist society
Root cause of oppression of women is class society
o Types of job training female prisons offer compared to types of job training offered in
es pisos
o Men are usually offered more funding for programs like job training
o Reasons can be that there are more men in prison than women, or that men may riot
more than women if they are not afforded things like job training
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Socialist Feminism
Like Marxist, also takes the conflict perspective
Instead of central problem being class oppression, central problem is female oppression
Power relations grow out of human reproduction; the natural reproductive difference between
the sexes has led directly to the first division of labor based on sex
o This can have a direct effect on women in the correction system
Women are oppressed in the domestic arena as well as in the economic arena
o More women than ever are entering the work force, and entering jobs they normally
would not
Radical Feminism
Identify men as being the real basis for the oppression of women in society
This perspective most extreme, demands most fundamental changes
Mas iologial eed to otol ad eploit woe is the ause of gede ieualit
Usually the term feminist has a negative connotation due to radical feminism
Most extreme perspective, and focuses on blame to men and how they intentionally oppress
women
If taken to logical extreme, asserts 3 things:
o Men have established their position of dominance through the use of force, violence,
and sexual intimidation
o Women must sever all relationships that place women in submissive or dependent
relations with men
o Ultimate solution is to either separate from men entirely, or at least start over by
socializing all children to live in and prefer a gender-free world
Argue that sex, marriage, masculine power and privilege, the sexual divisions of labor should be
erased from the social scene
Focuses on large scale patterns that characterize society as a whole
Post Modern Feminism
Argues that thee is o oe feale epeiee; wog to t to fid oe theo to eplai
woes oppessio
Must recognize differences based on class, race, sexual orientation and culture
Example: Need to understand the intersection of race and gender; how African American
women experience the world very differently from white women
Common thread among all perspectives
Men and women should be treated equally but frequently are not
Chapter 1
Woe ae eithe see as Madoas o whoes
o Good girl/Bad girl dichotomy
A woman actions and how she portrays herself can determine how a society will react
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