Round 12.doc

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Department
Cultural Geography
Course
GCU 114
Professor
Daniel Hume
Semester
Summer

Description
Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 12: Tossups 1. One section of this poem states: “Is there — is there balm in Gilead? — tell me — tell me, I implore!,” and the title creature of this poem “still is sitting / On the pallid bust of Pallas.” This poem’s narrator hears “a rapping at [his] chamber door,” and this poem begins with its narrator remembering,“Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.” For 10 points, name this poem in which the title bird ominously repeats the word “nevermore,” a work of Edgar Allen Poe. ANSWER: “The Raven” 2. Cytotoxic T cells kill infected cells by attacking this cell structure. Integral and peripheral proteins are found in this structure, which may be strengthened by cholesterol. This structure can be modeled as a fluid mosaic, and it consists of molecules with a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic fatty acid tail. In plants, this phospholipid bilayer structure is surrounded by a cell wall. For 10 points, name this structure which separates a cell from its environment. ANSWER: cell membrane [accept plasma membrane, prompt on “phospholipid bilayer” before it is read] 3. This state’s “Exposition and Protest” was written in response to the Tariff of Abominations. This state threatened to declare that tariff null and void during the Nullification Crisis under John C. Calhoun. In this state, Horatio Gates lost the Battle of Camden. The first battle of the Civil War, at Fort Sumter, occurred in this state’s capital, and occurred soon after this state became the first to secede from the Union. For 10 points, name this Southern state with capital at Charleston. ANSWER: South Carolina 4. This composer dedicated three pieces to Friedrich Wilhelm II entitled the Prussian Quartets, and his Requiem was completed by Franz Süssmayr. Leporello serves a damned nobleman in one of this man’s operas, another of which sees the Queen of the Night antagonize Pamina and Tamino. This composer’s last symphony, No. 41, is titled Jupiter, and he wrote the operas Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute. For 10 points, name this Austrian child prodigy who composed “Eine kleine Nachtmusik.” ANSWER: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 5. In one scene in this book, all the land’s dust is turned into lice. A group in this book is given manna and water to survive a harsh desert, and one man in this book shatters two tablets when he sees that group worshipping a golden calf. This Biblical book sees the Pharaoh’s daughter raise a man who later leads the crossing of the Red Sea and receives the Ten Commandments; that man is Moses. For 10 points, name this second book of the Old Testament, recounting the Israelites’ departure from Egypt. ANSWER: Book of Exodus [accept Shemot] 6. In one work by this author, a police officer in Burma commits the title action, which leads to its target’s disturbingly slow death. Besides “Shooting an Elephant,” this man wrote one work in which Boxer repeatedly says “I will work harder” and another novel in which O’Brien turns out to be working with the Inner Party against Julia and Winston. For 10 points, name this British author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. ANSWER: George Orwell [accept Eric Arthur Blair] 7. This city is home to North and South Brother Island, and the Unisphere is located in this city’s Flushing Meadows park. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects two parts of this city, and both the Metropolitan Opera and the UN Headquarters can be found in it. LaGuardia and JFK airports are found in this city’s borough of Queens, while this city also contains the neighborhood of Harlem. For 10 points, name this most populous city in the United States, home to the boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ANSWER: New York City 8. Action equals the integral of the Lagrangian with respect to this quantity. For an object experiencing a constant force, change in momentum equals force times this quantity. In special relativity, it becomes dilated at high speeds. The second law of thermodynamics is sometimes called this concept’s arrow, and average velocity equals distance traveled divided by change in this quantity. For 10 points, name this quantity measured in seconds. ANSWER: time 9. One revolution in this province began after Jean Lesage replaced Maurice Duplessis as its premier. In addition to witnessing the Quiet Revolution, this province saw the death of British General Wolfe at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham during the Seven Years’ War. The Meech Lake Accord ended a constitutional crisis in this province sparked by the passage of Bill 101, which changed this province’s official language. For 10 points, name this historically-French province of Canada. ANSWER: Quebec 10. During this holiday, hymns such as the Hanerot Halalu and Ma’oz Tzur are sung, and some letters associated with this holiday are an acronym for “a great miracle happened there.” This holiday commemorates the defeat of Antiochus IV and the re-dedication of the Holy Temple by the Maccabees. During this holiday, people eat latkes and play dreidel, and the Menorah is lit with one additional candle each night for eight nights. For 10 points, name this Jewish winter festival of lights. ANSWER: Hanukkah [accept Chanukkah] 11. In one novel set in this country, professor David Lurie seduces one of his students, Melanie, and is later attacked. In another work set in this country, the title character journeys to his mother’s birthplace of Port Albert. One author from this nation wrote about Stephen Kumalo’s search for his son Absalom. Both Disgrace and The Life and Times of Michael K are set in this country and were written by J.M. Coetzee. For 10 points, name this country of Alan Paton [“PAYT-uhn”], the setting of Cry, the Beloved Country. ANSWER: South Africa 12. A birth in this song is described as “not finite, but infinite” and the singer of this song received criticism for its line “You’re black, white, beige, chola descent.” This song’s music video opens with the “Manifesto of Mother Monster” and, in the chorus, the singer advises, “Don’t be a drag, just be a queen” and states “I’m on the right track baby.” For 10 points, name this “anthem to acceptance,” the title track of Lady Gaga’s second album. ANSWER: “Born this Way” 13. One character in this novel persuades Felton to release her and kill the Duke of Buckingham. That character from this novel wears a fleur-de-lis on her shoulder, marking her as a criminal. The protagonist of this novel leaves Gascony to become a Paris guard and falls in love with his landlord’s wife, Constance, but Milady de Winter and Cardinal Richelieu kill her. In this novel, D’Artagnan joins the title characters of Athos, Porthos, and Aramis. For 10 points, name this novel by Alexandre Dumas. ANSWER: The Three Musketeers [or Les Trois Mousquetaires] 14. If n is one of these numbers, then 2 – 1 [“quantity two to the n, minus one”] is a Mersenne number. Pairs of these numbers two apart from each other are dubbed the “twin” variety. Eratosthenes developed a namesake “sieve” method for picking these out of a set of natural numbers. Euclid proved that there are infinitely many of them. The first of these, and the only even one, is 2. For 10 points, name these numbers whose divisors include only themselves and one. ANSWER: prime numbers 15. This president’s brother-in-law, Abel Corbin, was involved in the Black Friday scandal. Under this man’s instruction, Phillip Sheridan raided the Shenandoah Valley. This general won significant battles at Chattanooga and Shiloh before successfully executing the siege of Petersburg. This man ordered William Sherman’s “March to the Sea”. For 10 points, name this general and future president who accepted Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House to end the Civil War. ANSWER: Ulysses Simpson Grant [accept Hiram Ulysses Grant or “Unconditional Surrender” Grant] 16. This painting may be a self-portrait reflecting the artist’s agoraphobia. This painting’s orange sky, possibly an aftereffect of Krakatoa’s eruption, is reflected in the waters of a fjord. In this painting, two figures walk away from the viewer along a bridge on the left. This painting’s sinuous central figure is dressed all in black. For 10 points, name this Expressionist painting by Edvard Munch [“moonk”] that depicts a bald man clasping his hands to his face and making a loud vocalization. ANSWER: The Scream [or Skrik; or The Cry; or The Shriek] 17. A son of this god was killed by Zeus for resurrecting Hippolytus and was named Asclepius. One of this god’s lovers asked to have his tears fall forever and was turned into a cypress tree, while another lover was killed when Zephyr caused a discus thrown by this god to strike Hyacinthus. Daphne turned into a laurel tree because of his pursuits, and in exchange for stealing this god’s cattle, Hermes gave this god the lyre. For 10 points, name this Greek god of light and music, the twin brother of Artemis. ANSWER: Apollo 18. The Jewish strain of this movement was led by Moses Mendelssohn and is known as the Haskalah, while Kant defined this concept in a namesake work as “man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity.” Rulers who adhered to this movement included Joseph II and Catherine the Great, and its ideas were compiled in Diderot’s Encyclopédie. Romanticism was in part a response to this movement. For 10 points, name this European intellectual movement sparked by Newton which emphasized reason and rationality. ANSWER: the Enlightenment [accept Age of Reason before “reason”] 19. Butyl [“BYOO-tuhl”] lithium is this type of substance, as are all nucleophiles. These substances generally taste bitter and feel slimy or slippery. They are variously defined as electron donors or proton acceptors. These substances can turn litmus blue and phenolphthalein pink. According to the Arrhenius definition, they release hydroxide ions. For 10 points, name these substances with pH above 7, often contrasted with acids. ANSWER: bases or alkalis [accept “Lewis base” before “bitter”; accept nucleophile before it is read] 20. This nation was led by a proponent of “Arab Socialism.” This nation and Syria made up the short- lived United Arab Republic. One of this nation’s leaders was the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, and that leader of this nation also signed a peace treaty with Israel’s Menachem Begin after the Camp David Accords which also returned the Sinai Peninsula to this country. For 10 points, name this African nation that has been ruled by Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, and Hosni Mubarak. ANSWER: Egypt [accept al-Masr] TIEBREAKER 21. One leader of nationalists from this nation was Charles Stewart Parnell. Michael Collins led one independence organization in this country. That organization led to this nation’s Easter Rising and used to be linked to this country’s Sinn Fein [“shin-FAIN”] political party. It became independent from the United Kingdom in 1922, after a war of independence that involved its namesake Republican Army. For 10 points, name this smaller of the British Isles with capital at Dublin. ANSWER: Republic of Ireland [accept Eire] Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 12: Bonuses 1. Its types include substitution, deletion, insertion, and frameshift. For 10 points each: [10] Give this term for a change in an organism’s DNA. ANSWER: genetic mutations [10] Mutations can result in this condition, characterized by abnormal, uncontrollable cell growth in the form of malignant tumors. It is also caused by carcinogens. ANSWER: cancers [prompt on any specific kind of cancer] [10] These genes inhibit programmed cell death, or apoptosis [“ap-uh-TOH-sis”], in tumor cells. They are named for their ability to cause cancer. ANSWER: oncogenes 2. The main character of this novel made a home in Santa Clara Valley with his owner Judge Miller. For 10 points each: [10] Identify this novel about Buck, a dog eventually saved by Thornton. After avenging the death of Thornton at the hands of Indians, he joins a pack of wolves. Answer: The Call of the Wild [10] The Call of the Wild was written by this American writer who also wrote the short story “To Build a Fire.” Answer: Jack London [10] This other London novel is about a wolf-dog hybrid who is tamed by Weedon Scott and saves Scott's father by killing Jim Hall. Answer: White Fang 3. In this painting, St. Peter clutches a knife near his hip. For 10 points each: [10] Name this painting depicting Jesus seated with the apostles as they eat the Passover meal. It captures the moment after he announces his imminent betrayal. ANSWER: The Last Supper [10] The Last Supper is a painting by this Ita
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