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Midterm

NSC 3320 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Netflix, Slot Machine, Spring Break


Department
Neuroscience
Course Code
NSC 3320
Professor
Hugh Riley
Study Guide
Midterm

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Chapter 8 Exam review
Concept review- important vocabulary
Anticipatory contrast
o The rate of responses varies inversely with an anticipated
change of the rate of reinforcement
Behavioral contrast
o A change in the rate of reinforcement in the one
component/schedule of a multiple schedule causes an
opposite change in the rate of response for the other schedule
o Contrast effects
Give examples of both negative and positive contrast
effects
Differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO)-
o Define procedure
o Why is this schedule more efficient at extinguishing behavior?
What practical application has this procedure ben used
for?
Discrimination training
o Reinforcing responding to one stimulus (SD) and not another
Errorless discrimination training
o What is the major disadvantage of this training method?
Advantages?
o How is this different from discrimination training?
o What is the procedure?
Extinction
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2
o Is the non-reinforcement of a previously reinforced response,
the result is a decrease in the response
You do not have to distinguish procedure from process!
o Know the side effects in the text
Fading
o Is this better than normal discrimination training?
o Advantage- less errors/side effects and the behavior can be
modified
o Fading in/out regarding stimulus
Strong to weak
Weak to strong
Generalization gradient
o Know the two types of curves
o Is produced due to stimulus generalization
Multiple schedule
o How is this different from a chained schedule discussed
regarding classical conditioning?
Partial reinforcement effect PREE
o Why does this happen with a partial schedule and not a CRF
schedule?
o VR produces more resistance
Peak shift effect
o The result of discrimination training
o The peak of the generalization gradient ill shift from the SD to a
stimulus further removed from the S
o What are some possible explanations for this weird
phenomenon?
Resistance to extinction
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