Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
Class #4 Notes
1)When did you/do you think you reached (or will reach) adulthood?
I think that I will reach adulthood when I get am financially independent. This will occur when I have my own
job and own place to live.
2) Is there anything you wish you knew (or feel you need to know) about being an adult?
How to get a job!
3) What does society do that makes you feel like an adult/adolescent? What about your parents?
I do not feel like an adult because even though I live 3000 miles away from my family, I would not be able to
pay for anything without them.
4) In what contexts do you feel like an adult/adolescent?
5) Are there “aspects” of adulthood that you feel more prepared for than others?
*THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL REDEFINITION: CULTURAL NUANCES
Rite of passage : some societies mark social redefinition with a dramatic and elaborate initiation
Ex: Navaho: Kinaalda
This usually marks the beginning of a long period of training
Greater opportunities but also greater expectations
*SOCIAL REDEFINITION: THREE UNIVERSAL COMPONENTS
Real or symbolic separation from parents: Extrusion
Foster sense of independence, autonomy
Separation of males and females : magnifies physical/social differences
To understand the roles of gender
Passing on of cultural, historical, and practical information :
adults passing on to youth
1) Can your group classify the markers you describe for the transition into adulthood? What category
captures the majority of your group’s markers?
Financial and Physical Separation
Arnett’s (2001) classification: (Individualism; Family Capacities, Norm Compliance, Biological
Transitions, Legal Transitions, Role Transitions
2) Do your markers differ based on interactions with parents vs. society? Individual characteristics? Parents would say when I am financially independent
Society’s differ but in the US it may say college
3) Did your group reach consensus on when each member decided he/she was an adult? Was it linked to a
4) How do you and your group’s markers compare with those mentioned by your interviewees?