Gibson v. Mississippi (1896):All white jury again even though blacks outnumber white 7,000 v.s
1,500. Also, over course of 25 years noAfricanAmerican had ever been on the jury. Therefore
they are being discriminatory duhh. The court says yeah you are right but you are on trial, just
you, so unless you can prove that your trial in of itself is unfair, too bad.
Patent v. Mississippi (1947): number of eligible black jurors is decreasing. However, tiny step
towards racial equality.
Avery v. Georgia (1953): Clerk discriminatorily chose jurors. Court says that the state must
overcome the discriminatory practices, not the federal court.
Turning Point!!!!: Smith v. Texas (1940): voting case: said that jury should be representative of
the community. Now a precedent is set for future cases so that the court can overrule
6 Amendment: right to have an attorney to right to have a competent attorney, then that was
limited by Strickland as to what was needed to prove incompetence
6 Amendment: i