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ANTH 111 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Linguistic Anthropology, Symbolic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology

Course Code
ANTH 111
Study Guide

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Anthropology: scientific and humanistic study of human beings encompassing the evolutionary
history of humanity, study of past societies, and comparison between current day societies and
Applied anthropology: application of anthropological knowledge to the solution of human
Archaeology: subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on the study of past cultures based
primarily on their material remains
Cultural anthropology: study of human thought, behavior, and lifeways that are learned rather
than genetically transmitted and that are typical of groups of people
Cultural relativism: idea that cultures should be analysed with reference to their own histories
and values rather than according to the values of another culture
Culture: learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups; the ways of life
characteristics of a particular human society
Emic: examination of societies using concepts, categories, and distinctions that are meaningful to
members of those societies
Ethnocentrism: judging other cultures from the perspective on one’s own culture
Ethnography: major research tool of cultural anthropology, like fieldwork among people in a
society and the written results of such fieldwork
Ethnology: attempt to find general principles or laws that govern cultural phenomena through the
comparison of cultures
Etic: examination of societies using concepts, categories, and rules derived from science; an
outsider’s perspective
Holism: an approach that considers the study of culture, history, language, and biology essential
to a complete understanding of human society
Linguistic anthropology: study of language and its relation to culture
Physical (or biological) anthropology: subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on the study of
people from a biological perspective, aspects of humankind that are genetically inherited
Society: group of people who depend on one another for survival or well-being.
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