[CAS PS 101] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (16 pages long!)

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CAS PS 101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1:
In 2005 G. Hogan was a bank rober but why do people decide to rob a bank even though thy
are very well off?
Is gabling a system of a deeper issue? Social isolation
Applicaition: everyday life
Empirical scientifict with data you make a memory
Why should we study pyscology:
How people think
Ignoring evidence (comformation bias)
Failing accouratly judge source credibility, we have the inability to see somebody, we
cant associate looks with credibility
Miss understanding stats or not
Seeing relationships that don’t exists: ice cream sales and murder
Accepting after the facts explanation (highlight bias)
If you can visualize your success you can increase your chances insites motivation you
know how success looks like when you get there
But when we do that you trick your brain it believes you already made it it relaxes your
brain and it backs off what we believe is usually not true
Taking mental shortcuts not being bothered with details
Failing to see our own inadequacies (self-serving bias) more humans believe we are
above average
What to believe?
People are cursed with inability to know where answers are right or wrong
Dung and krugger (reaserchesrs)
Illusion of knowledge: that I study therefore I know it
College students with lowest grades perceive mastery of academic skills as higher than their
performance
What to believe? Using phycology reasoning why are people inaccurate in the first place
Start with extremely positive views of abilities
***People believe they are better than average
Lake wobegon effect or illusory self- serving bias
Diversity in physcology
Addressing a question of society and behaviors
Our answers depend on our domain
Example : memory
Clinical- study memory form the point of view :PTSD
Evolutionary pscyh : why do we have memory forgetting is a different think
that we do Super memory
Cognative psycoloyy what is memory how coes it help us aquire knowledge
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Social spych how does a memory impact our social interaction eye movement
and reprocessing using it
Subfields in psycholohy focus on different levels of analysis
Physoclogy work in many different setting based on reaserch general theoretical approaches
and training
History of psyscology
philosophy
tihkning about things
1. Plato (428-348 bc.)
Strate of mind mind
Manifiest from state of the whole body
Introduced idea of indivuaul diffrences in intellect
2. Aritstotle
Believed them ind infuences the function of nervous system
Paint could be eliminated by thinking
First alluded to an unconsiousc envody cognition
Physiology:
1. Hippocrates
Believed the pscygology abosmoartities were cause by brain abniormalitis
2. Johannes mullar
Propose nervous system as intermediary between object and causiousness
3. Herman von helmholz
Studied the relation of physical objects with physcological senstation why experiences and
equality are no eaul
Physcologist:
Wilhelm wundt
Considered founding father
First modern lab
Leipzig Germany
Developed idea of structuralism
Interested in finding elements of experience
Understandnign structure of themind could explain reasoning
Structuralism:
Key idea out cousiounsess can be broken down intop tis essecial elements fell apart
intropesction defined as personal observation of personal thoughts ideas and behaviors
Itospetio: the state of osuiosess hih is to e atte of phsooloh… a eoe a
object og immrdiate knowledge only by way of introspection of selfawarness
Looking within describe mental
Functuinalism William james:
Key idea our consciousness seves and adaptive purpose by helping us survive
The mind developed thorugh human evolution
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