Exam 3 Review Sheet.docx

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Psychological & Brain Sciences
CAS PS 101
Tracy Dunne

PS101 Exam 3 Review Sheet Chapter 11: Motivation 1. _______________ is defined as the process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigor of goal-directed behavior. Motivation 2. The ___________ _____________ Theory proposes that physiological disruptions to homeostasis such as internal tension or arousal produce drives, which motivate behaviors to reduce the tension. 3. Two types of motivation are ___________ and ___________, which refer to performing an activity to obtain an external reward, and performing an activity for its own sake. Which of these types of motivation produce more long-lasting effects? Extrinsic, Intrinsic 4. Freud emphasized ___________ and _______________ as two primary motives that affect how we behave. Sex, Aggression 5. The ________________ perspective emphasizes striving for personal growth as motivation for our behavior. Humanist 6. _________________ is a hormone secreted by fat cells that regulates appetite and weight. Leptin 7. When stimulated, the ________________ __________________ area of the brain makes you feel full.Ventromedial 8. When stimulated, the ________________ _________________ area of the brain makes you feel hungry. Lateral hypothalamus 9. The ____________________ __________________ is a “master switch” that regulates the above two brain structures. Paraventricular nucleus 10. Research on cultural differences in dieting and body image dissatisfaction suggest that African American women have (best/worst) body image satisfaction and are 20-30 pounds (overweight/underweight). 11. The amount of food in a country appears to be (positively/negatively) correlated with the size of the body type that is idealized. 12. _____________________ is a personality trait that has been associated with Anorexia Nervosa. Perfectionism 13. The difference between Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa is ________________________. 14. What has been suggested as causal factors for Anorexia Nervosa? a. ______________________ Perfectionism b. ______________________ Need for control c. ______________________ Disapproving parents 15. What are causal factors for Bulimia Nervosa? a. ______________________ Unstable personality b. ______________________ Low impulse control c. ______________________ Depression 16. Research on gender differences in sexual behavior show that (men/women) prefer to have sex in the morning and (men/women) are more likely to initiate sex. 17. ____________ is released from wolfarian ducts to produce male sex genitals around week 5. Androgen 18. Levels of ________________ impact sexual drive in men. Testosterone Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders 1. The three major criteria for abnormality when defining and classifying psychological disorders are ______________, ________________, and _______________. Distress, Dysfunction, Deviate 2. The __________________ _________ model proposes that a disorder manifests when a genetic predisposition interacts with an environmental stressor. Vulnerability stress 3. Inter-rater agreement for diagnoses refers to the reliability or validity of a diagnosis? 4. The five axes of the DSM axial system are: Axis I: ____________________________ Primary Diagnosis Axis II: ____________________________ Psychological probs Axis III: ___________________________ Physical probs Axis IV: ___________________________ Environmental Stressors Axis V: ____________________________ Level of functionality 5. Mental retardation would fall on which axis of the DSM? 2 6. Schizophrenia would fall on which axis of the DSM? 1 7. True/False: An individual reporting a fear of spiders must find the fear distressing and impairing in their daily life in order to be diagnosed with a specific phobia. 8. ____________ ____________ is characterized by recurrent attacks of intense fear and physiological arousal that is followed by either worry about having more attacks, or worry about the implications of an attack. Panic Disorder 9. The cognitive theory of panic disorder proposes that _____________ _____________ contribute to the development of a panic attack. Catastrophic appraisals 10. _________________ is defined as a fear of open and public spaces from which escape would be difficult. Agoraphobia 11. Avoidance of feared situations would fall under which component of the anxious response? a. Emotional b. Cognitive c. Behavioral d. Physiological 12. Feelings of apprehension would fall under which component of the anxious response? a. Emotional b. Cognitive c. Behavioral d. Physiological 13. Which anxiety disorder is often referred to as “free-floating” anxiety? a. Panic Disorder b. Agoraphobia c. Social phobia d. Generalized Anxiety Disorder e. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 14. Which somatoform disorder is characterized by being convinced that one has a serious illness and is not reassured by repeated visits to medical professionals? a. Hypochondriasis b. Conversion disorder c. Malingering d. Munchausen’s Syndrome 15. _________________ ______________ _____________ is a psychological disorder that has been correlated with a history of childhood sexual abuse. Dissociative Identity Disorder 16. The ________________ perspective in psychology would explain the development of somatoform disorders as a way to protect oneself from consciously experiencing overwhelming anxiety. Psychodynamic 17. Research best supports the ___________________ __________________ theory for explaining the development of phobias. Classical/operant conditioning 18. Another word for the lack of interest in activities one used to enjoy that is necessary for the diagnosis of depression is __________
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