HIST 1400 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Haitian Revolution, Toussaint Louverture

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Published on 8 Jan 2019
School
Fordham University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1400
Professor
The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) in the Atlantic World
- Haiti has close geographic proximity to many other (island) nations
- How Haiti’s location impacted its history
Significance of Haitian Revolution
- ONLY slave revolt in the Americas to achieve general emancipation and independence
- 1st independent Latin American nation
- 2nd independent nation in Western hemisphere after U.S.
- Expand geography of “Age of Revolution”
1. Radical expansion of citizenship
- Redistribution of power
- Confirmation of person, no longer property
2. Enslaved people as political actors in modern world
3. Forced French Revolution to realize its own ideals
4. Led to major reconfiguration of power in Americas
The Wealth of 18th-century St. Domingue (Haiti)
- Most profitable plantation colony (French) in New World the “Jewel of the Antilles”
- Size of Maryland, yet produced
- 40% of Europe’s Sugar
- 60% of it’s coffee
- Exported as much sugar as Jamaica, Cuba, and Brazil COMBINED
The Enslaved of St. Domingue
- 90% of total population on eve of Revolution
- 1789 Population:
- 500,000 slaves (⅔ African-born, West-Central Africa {Congo})
- 31,000 Whites
- 28,000 free coloreds (mixed race, gained independence/freedom, not white, physical
difference that marked them)
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Document Summary

The haitian revolution (1791-1804) in the atlantic world. Haiti has close geographic proximity to many other (island) nations. Only slave revolt in the americas to achieve general emancipation and independence. 2nd independent nation in western hemisphere after u. s. Expand geography of age of revolution : radical expansion of citizenship. Enslaved people as political actors in modern world. Forced french revolution to realize its own ideals. Led to major reconfiguration of power in americas. Most profitable plantation colony (french) in new world the jewel of the antilles . Exported as much sugar as jamaica, cuba, and brazil combined. 90% of total population on eve of revolution. 500,000 slaves ( african-born, west-central africa {congo}) 28,000 free coloreds (mixed race, gained independence/freedom, not white, physical difference that marked them) The declaration of the rights of man and citizen. Planters are frustrated by the restrictions placed on them by france and french authorities.