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BSC 161 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Gram Staining, Cell Membrane, Microscope Slide

Biological Sciences
Course Code
BSC 161
Study Guide

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Chapter 1 Meghan Gingrich
1. Describe the key experiments of scientists who disproved spontaneous generation.
2. Explain how the successful challenge to the idea of spontaneous generation led to the Golden
Age of Microbiology.
3. Describe the scientific method, using Pasteur’s swannecked flask experiment as an example.
4. Explain why life could not exist without microorganisms.
5. List three commercial benefits of microorganisms.
6. Describe why microorganisms are useful research tools.
7. Describe the role of microbes in disease, including examples of past triumphs and remaining
8. Compare and contrast characteristics of members of the Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
9. Explain how the scientific name of an organism is written.
10. Compare and contrast the algae, fungi, and protozoa.
11. Compare and contrast viruses, viroids, and prions.
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Chapter 2
1. Describe the general structure of an atom and its isotopes.
2. Describe the importance of valence electrons.
3. Compare and contrast ionic bonds, covalent bonds, and hydrogen bonds.
4. Explain the role of an enzyme in chemical reactions.
5. Describe the properties of water, and explain why it is so important in biological systems.
6. Explain the concept of pH, and how the pH of a solution relates to its acidity.
7. Describe the role of buffers.
8. Describe the characteristics of the different groups of carbohydrates.
9. Compare and contrast the structure and function of simple lipids, compound lipids, and
10. Compare and contrast the factors that affect protein structure and function.
11. Compare and contrast the chemical compositions, structures, and major functions of DNA,
RNA, and ATP.
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