ART 101- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 74 pages long!)

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12 Oct 2017
Department
Course
Professor
Lafayette
ART 101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Prehistoric Art in Europe
Prehistoric ! before written documents
oHave to interpret the meanings of art
Most of our documentation of Prehistoric, very Europe
oLittle of Asia and Africa
Haven’t survived
2/3 of prehistoric art we know nothing or very little about
Africa is where it all started but we have very little artifacts
Most of what we are learning comes from France
oArchaeology was a big study in France
Men, women, and children produced cave paintings
These people traveled by boat; lived in communities; had clothing because depicted in
painting/same with hair/wig; coloring flesh/personal adornment; language because there
had to be some sort of communication to build structures
Did NOT sleep in caves
Reconstruction Drawing of Prehistoric Mammoth-Bone House
Location: Ukraine
Date: 10,000BCE
Size: 15-20 ft interior
Tusks made excellent roof supports and arched door openings
Bone framework probably covered with animal hides and turf
Found 15 small heaths (firepits) in a dwelling
First architecture we have ****
Uncovered by Soviet archaeologist
Several groups of homes up and down the river
Need: stable foundation (flat land) and water (built on bank of river)
animal skin and river mud used to plaster for insulation
fire inside (aka hearth), so holes in ceiling
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bottom had powdered mineral ocher adorned the floor
based on notion of community
!
Woman of Willendorf
Location: Austria
Date: 24,000 BCE
Size: can hold in hand
Medium:
made out of limestone
carved with flint tools
stone not from where she was found
Function:
object symbolizing availability
possibly expressing health and fertility
in gynecology ! woman who just gave birth
placed in ground ! traces of soil on feet
otraveled because different types of soil
Style:
first prehistoric sculpture discovered*** but not the oldest
discovered in Willendorf, Austria
oOnce called Venus of Willendorf after the place where it was found
sculpture in the round
free standing ! all stone around her has been cut away
she was painted (can see in creases) and rubbed into work
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