Socl 4701 Notes (scored 92%)

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCL 4701
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
SOCL4701POPULATIONM16301930STUBBS116SINGELMANN100201Chapter re dataCensus is a constitutional requirement about the population of communitiesIt is an attempt to count everyone where they liveWe have the right of equal representationEvery ten years the districts get reapportioned to reflect changes in populationDirect effect amount of money received by a citycommunity is affected by census or population densityExample of black males 1524We know they exist because they show up in counts ten years laterUndercountedunderrepresentedless money and resources that are needed in communitiesThe constitutional mandate is to count but there are questions re social science information which can be used to gauge success or failure of social programs or society as a wholeValue of survey is that it is representative and you know if it is representative by the benchmark numbersIf census is wrong then benchmark is wrong and therefore data for social scientists etc is wrongPopulation growthLogarithmic curve shows change of population over timeFor a long time thousands of years population was very stable but then population suddenly went upExpected population will level offUN projects that by 2050 91 billion from 2007 67 billionSupposed to cap at 12 billionIncrease a result of fertilityNow averages at 25 children per woman but in 2050 it will decrease to around two children for womenMalthus mankinds population grows due to carrying capacity of a certain lifestyle Grows until population cannot support itself and then shrinks and then grows again when there is innovationPopulation can only increase as much as there is enough foodPopulation can only expand geometrically and food arithmetically but Darwin disproved thatAdam Smith argued that resources and labour increase with populationEngland had the first commercial agriculture in the world with owners and workersHad labour market or labour forcecannot sell labour for wagesThis relates to industrialization because industrialization needs labourConflictthere was a clear difference of interests between landed aristocracy and the urban based bourgeoisieBourgeoisie were happy for population growth for labour but aristocracy only needed so many workersthey were unhappyMarx drawn from writing about societal organizationPopulation growth is not an issue it is the organization thereofIf we adopt socialism then more peoplemore resources so it is a question more of distribution than numbersDemographic transitionDelta P population change birth minus death plus immigration and outmigrationRemove net migration so that it is only birth and deathThere are four scenarios that would produce population growth1Birth at a high level decreases as death increases and then stabilizes at a lower level than birth2Low birth rate that suddenly increases and stabilizesDeath rate is low and then increases and stabilizes at a lower rate3Very low stable death rate and birth rate increases and then decreases4Very high birth rate that is stable while death rate suddenly decreases and then increases againWhich of these four scenarios is the historical event that caused logarithmic line1Both rates were high and then both rates fell but higher fertility created a large gapNutrition a factor more resistant to illnesslonger lifeAlso undernourished women are less fertilelower birth rate 100301Baby boomAfter WWII sudden rise in fertility which reversed a longtime trend of fertility declineThere was such a decline prior to WWII there was an expectation of population decreaseIn 1943 there was a population projection of 1970 population size of 157 million with a peak of 161 million during 1985Now we have about 300 million peopleGood demographers never use the word prediction they forecastExtrapolate fertilitymortality add in immigration etc and come up with three projectionsThe smaller the geographic unit the more you go down from nation to state to city etc the more difficult it is to project changes in populationWorld population dont have to add in immigrationSpecific country immigration not internal migrationState add in immigration and internal migrationMigration is a function of jobsBaby boom lasted for 18 years 19461964Definition depends on which measures you usemust use the right measuresYEARCBRGFRTFR194019479925219502411062334195437019602371180346197018487924819741496841861988158180In terms of total fertility rate the baby boom took place between 1947 and 1954From 1945 to 1947 the number of birth increased by 1 million or 38 percent from 26 to 36 millionDuring 194764 on average 4 million babies were born annually Thus in terms of number f babies born the baby boom took place from 19541964 Peakscrude birth rate suggests 1950General fertility rate is 1960Total fertility rate suggests 1954We go by TFRDepression cohort born during 1930sBaby boom cohort 4664 Baby bust cohort born after 1970 technically 1964
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