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Study Guide

[SOCL 3501] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (51 pages long)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 3501
Professor
Stevenson
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 51
LSU
SOCL 3501
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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WEEK 2 SOCIOLOGY 3501 TEST 1 NOTES
CHAPTER 2
Positivistism: the application of the scientific method to the study of something
oAbsolutism
Deviance is real. It is different from conventional behavior. The people who
engage in it are different from conventional people. Atavism- criminals were
evolutionary throwbacks, Lombroso’s theory. Although we don’t count teeth or
measure arm length anymore, we still look at DNA to see if criminals have
something different
oDeterminism
Our behavior to some extent is determined by forces (society) outside of the
individual.
You can play your cards however you want, but society deals them- not
everyone has the same opportunities, our social status influences our choices.
oObjectivism
Somewhat removed from your subjects. We are never going to be 100%
objective; our feelings influence what we study. If deviance is real, then we can
study it in an objective way
Quantitative data (numbers, rates) is an objective way of doing
research.
Constructionism
oRelativism
No behavior is inherently good or bad. Societies have to define what is good/
bad.
Context can change whether or not something is deviant.
Viagra example
oSubjectivism
It is important to understand deviance from the actors point of view. How they
define what they have done
Example: Katz interviewed convicted murderers and robbers. After hearing what
they have to say, they saw it very differently than society did. It wasn’t robbery
or murder; the victims asked for it and someone should have stopped them
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