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Test 3 Review.docx

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PSYC 1101
Frank Naarendorp

Psych Test Review 3, 3.11.13: Memory  Mood congruent retrieval -- you can recreate the mood at the time you were storing certain information << mood helps in retrieval  Conceptual hierarchy = how you add to what you already have (to long term memory) -- categorizes and ranks memories  Semantic network = also how you add to what you have, links memories to similar things  Pseudo-Forgetting = when there is a problem with encoding. You never had the info stored in the first place, so how could you remember it?... all about Long Term Memory, (or possibly STM)  Serial-position effect -- Ebbinghaus You remember the first and last words in a sequence best (primacy and recency)  Ebbinghaus Curve -- the rate of forgetting levels off over time (but we forget ~40% in the first 9 hours)  Encoding specificity principle = the usefulness of your retrieval cue (mood, a mnemonic, a sticky note...) depends on how well it corresponds with your memory code  Retrograde amnesia happens when info enters STM but is not rehearsed (because of trauma) and is therefore lost -- like whatever happened right before the accident  Anterograde amnesia = loss of ability to retain new info after trauma (repeatedly asking the nurse the same Q)  The duration of Sensory Memory is 0.5 seconds, we can store usually one or two items o Iconic (visual sensory memory) vs echoic (auditory sensory memory)  Short Term Memory = working memory -- duration of ~20 seconds and we can remember 7 (±2) items << you can expand it by chunking (finding relationships between the items, or compressing the info)!  The duration of Long Term Memory is forever! If we "forget" LTM it is just an issue with retrieval. The capacity of LTM is unlimited! Could possibly decay over time... who knows  KNOW the difference in storing for the three above ^^  Relearning, recognition, recall << understand the conceptual differences! Intelligence  Mental age refers to what we expect from a person of a certain age  Norm
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