CRIM 012H Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Fetishism, Homicide, Individualism

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6 Dec 2016
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CRIM 12H QUIZ 8 NOTES
Classic strain/anomie theory
General Strain Theory: the social psychology of strain, stress and
crime/deviance
Institutional Anomie Theory
Social Structure and Conventional Opportunity (“anomie theory”)
Primary premise: Crime is a result of a dysfunction in the
social structure, in which culture emphasizes conventional
success goals, but there are unequal opportunities to achieve
those goals legitimately. This is called a means of deficiency
What culture, advertising, peer groups tell us what to do
Reward success in marketplace/work, punish failure
Relative Deprivation:
How well one thinks is doing in comparison to another group
Ex. I think I suck because 21 year olds in Beverly Hills are
living such a better life than me
Ex. I am #blessed because some 21 year olds in Africa don’t
own shoes
Reference Group:
The comparison group noted above is called a reference
group.
One’s reference group is the group on compares oneself to
**Heavily emphasized conventional success goals plus means
deficiency sets up relative deprivation and pressures for crime
Adaption to means deficiency:
Conformity: accept both conventional goals and conventional
means
Innovation: accept goals and reject conventional means
Ritualism: reject goals and accept means
Retreatism: reject goals and means
Rebellion: reject conventional goals and means and substitute
new goals and means
Collective Consequences of Anomie
Subcultures can develop over time around collective
adaptations to conditions of anomie
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