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[01:830:346] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (23 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:346
Professor
Mc Kenna
Study Guide
Final

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Rutgers
01:830:346
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Abnormal Psychology
Fall 2015 - 830:340:03
Study Guide Chapters 1- 5
Be familiar with and be able to explain the following:
Chapter 1 Introduction and Historical Overview
Contributions of:
o John Lock
o Letta Hollingsworth- debunking lot of negative ideas about woman that men
were considered intellectually superior to women. Worked with mental
retardation kids.
o Dorothea Dix- reformer, crusader of Asylum, humane treatments in asylum
o Benjamin Rush
Moral insanity- No intellectual disability but emotional deficiency.
Biological mode- organic disease model- decreased mental function due to a medical or
physical disease not a psychiatric reason.
Sigmund Freud and the psychoanalytic theory- Father of psychodynamic thought,
Catharsis- unload all the memories. Use of free association (make a chain of associations
from a word suggested by Therapist, Pattern in person’s thought)
o Psychoanalytic theory- Ego (Balances out id and superego), Id (sexual,
aggression desires. No matter the consequences), Superego (rules and restrictions
that society and parents teaches you).Theory focused on patient’s past.
John Watson and the rise of behaviorism- Flip side of Freud, Reinforcement and
punishment for development. Psychology as a purely objective experimental branch of
natural science. Smoking cessation. No subconscious.
What components constitutes a psychological disorder according to the DSM 5
Risk and resilience factors- Intelligence of person, Predisposition.
Different types of dysfunctional families as outlined in class. How are they different from
each other?
o Perfectionist- Rigid family. Flawless and perfect. Don’t really talk about their
family.
o Chaotic- No rules to follow. Parents are struggling themselves. Don’t want to
inflict love (too much love).
o Driven to succeed family- Parents use children as “merit badges”. Parent want to
brag and show them off to friends and family.
o Angry Family- Use anger to control actions of family members. Lack of love, lot
of negative emotions.
o Apathetic Family- Nobody cares about the family. Abandonment, “roommates”.
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Why would adolescence be a particularly difficult time to deal with stress and emotional
upset?
Chapter 2 Current Paradigms in Psychopathology
The one dimensional model (behavior in terms of a single cause) vs the Biopsychosocial
or the multidimensional model (Draws upon info. From several sources
Diathesis Stress Model: Predispositional Vulnerability plus extreme stress
The components of the neuron and their function: (IDENTIFY parts of a neuron)
o Cell body: central part of neuron (brain cell, spinal column cell), contains nucleus
o Axon- - Sending messages to other neuron- long extensions
o Vesicles- transporters units/ stores NTs and transports NTs from one cell to
another
o Neurotransmitters: brain chemicals and signal molecules.
Serotonin: Produced from TRP, mood, eating, sensation, blood clots,
nausea, bond density, sexual function, sleep, anxiety, bowl function
(depression and eating disorder)
Dopamine: movement, too much- psychosis, Pleasure center ,
motivation, mood
Norepinephrine: In Adrenal gland attention, sleep, learning Low-
depression, Involved in Sympathetic nervous system (flight of fight)
GABA: synthesized from glutamate- Inhibitory (calms you down)
Glutamate: excitatory (causes action to happen)
o Dendrite- receives messages from other neurons
o Terminal buttons-- site where NTs are released on Axon.
o Synaptic cleft: space between pre and post synaptic cleft
o Myelin sheath-- lipid wrapped around axon to prevent electrolytes lost/ Insulation
(increase speed of transmission)
o Nucleus- contains DNA.
What constitutes each section of the nervous system? What are their functions?
o Central nervous system: brain and spinal cord.
o Peripheral nervous system:
Autonomic and the Somatic
Sympathetic (flight or fight) and Parasympathetic (relaxed state)
nervous systems
What is the function of the Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Adrenal Axis (HPA axis) ?
Hypothalamus-> CRH-> Anterior Pituitary-> ACTH-> Adrenal cortex-> CORT
Lobes of the Brain and their functions:
o Frontal-- Sequential thinking, impulse control, Motor cortex emotions, judgment,
short term memory/ Broca area.
o Temporal- on side, by our ears, auditory processing of stimuli/ Wernicke’s Area
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