[PSYC 107] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (123 pages long)

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TAMU
PSYC 107
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Psychology 107 Day 2:
Psychology is on ELearning
Psychology is a science. Study of behavior and mental processes with
the goal of applying the resultant knowledge in the service of human
welfare.
Has the goal of serving others and caring about others
Subfields of psychology
oCognitive- study of cognition- sensation, perception, learning
and memory. How we think and remember.
oEngineering- how people interact with things. (interact with
software. How you design things)
oBiological- study hormones and cells of the body and how they
influence our thought processes and behavior. (drug
addiction).
oSocial- how people interact with groups, how groups influence
people, relationships, attitudes.
oPersonality- study of personality. What makes you unique and
like other people.
oIndustrial/organizational- study questions about people at
work. Leadership, job satisfaction (why people quit), training,
assessment of employees, mistreatment of people in the
workplace.
oDevelopmental- how people grow and change over time. What
they can think and do.
oCommunity- working with the community to develop systems
to help prevent mental illness and other problems. Works with
low income, build after school programs, help show values and
education.
oClinical and counseling- intervening when someone has an
adjustment. (therapy). Counseling does more than just clinical.
Clinical deal with more severe problems. Counseling do small
problems (testing anxiety, ADD)
oEducational- better classroom systems so people learn better.
Study education from a psychological stand point.
oSport- work with teams to help people preform better. Team
building, help individuals get out of a slump.
oForensic- study crime, what makes people engage in criminal
behavior. Most rare psychologist but usually have another type
of psychology along with it.
Levels in psychology: biological-individual-social-cultural
oIndividual- why are some people have a higher stress level
oSocial- do other people make your stress better/worse
oCultural- are there some stressors that are in some cultures
and not others. Cultural influences on issues (depression)
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Historical approaches or schools of psychology
oStructuralism (Wundt, Titchner)-making a periodic table of
psychology. Elements of experience
oPsychodynamic (freud)- unconscious influences conscious
experience
oFunctionalism (James) thought only humans are self aware.
What is the function of being conscious
oBehaviorism-(Watson, Skinner) none of the uncious matter,
people do stuff that feels good and stop doing stuff that feels
bad.
oCognitive (Ebbinghaus, Piaget)- response to behaviorists, the
mind matters. Its how people think.
oSocial-cultural (Heider, Festinger)- elements and culture
matter and how the world tells us how to behave and think.
Groups of people matter.
oEvolutionary- what is it about us that is adaptive, what makes
us attractive. Addictiveness matters.
Psychology Day 3 In class notes:
Chapter 2
Conducting Ethical Research:
oReviewed by institutional review board
oCost-benefit analysis
oResearchers go through extensive training
oWhere applicable, researchers must provide sufficient
information to participants so they can make an informed
decision about participating.
oTry new drug trials on the sickest people
oAn IRB number will be on your consent form when in a study.
Validity- extend to which conclusions drawn in research are
legitimate. Its either more valid or less valid, not valid or not.
Threats to validity- events that make the conclusions less likely to be
legitimate.
oDo things that make our conclusions less legitimate.
Process of scientific research
oIdentify the problem
Law- broadest. Tells us what happens all the time
during a specific domain.
Law of effect- people do things again that felt
good and stopped things that felt bad.
Theory- set of explanatory statements that should be
able to predict many situations within a domain.
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Document Summary

Study of behavior and mental processes with the goal of applying the resultant knowledge in the service of human welfare. Has the goal of serving others and caring about others. Subfields of psychology: cognitive- study of cognition- sensation, perception, learning and memory. How we think and remember: engineering- how people interact with things. (interact with software. What makes you unique and like other people: industrial/organizational- study questions about people at work. Leadership, job satisfaction (why people quit), training, assessment of employees, mistreatment of people in the workplace: developmental- how people grow and change over time. What they can think and do: community- working with the community to develop systems to help prevent mental illness and other problems. Works with low income, build after school programs, help show values and education: clinical and counseling- intervening when someone has an adjustment. (therapy). Counseling do small problems (testing anxiety, add: educational- better classroom systems so people learn better.

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