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Study Guide

[BSCI 201] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (91 pages long!)


Department
Biological Sciences Program
Course Code
BSCI 201
Professor
Bohannon
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
BSCI 201
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lab 1- Introduction
Aristotle’s categorization
-Vegetative soul
oEating and reproducing
-Locomotive soul
oEverything the vegetative soul could do + move, basic emotions
-Rational soul
oEverything the locomotive soul could do + rationality, thought, reason
Necessary life functions
- Separation of self from environment
- Responsiveness to the environment
- Digestion/Excretion/Metabolism
- Reproduction
- Homeostasis
oPositive feedback
Increase stimulus  increase response  increase stimulus
Labor pains, blood clotting, fevers
Usual events, don’t keep continual adjustment usually have local effects so they
don’t get out of control
oNegative feedback
Increase stimulus  increase response  lower stimulus
When you get too hot, sweat, keeps temperature range
Keeps body within certain parameters
oHomeostatic imbalance
Negative feedback not effective enough
Positive feedback becomes too effective
Results in disease state
- Movement
- Growth
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Features unique to humans
- Thinking/rational thought
- Speech
- Manipulation of physical environment
- Complex emotion
Ecology
-Kingdom Amalia- eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic, lacking cell walls, motile, blastula
stage of embryonic development
-Phylum Chordata
oNotochord (different from spinal cord) at some point
oBilaterally symmetric
oDeuterostomes- first opening in blastula becomes the anus
-Class Mammalia- neocortex, hair, 3 middle ear bones, and ability to nurse young
-Order Primates- all monkey and apes
-Family Hominidae- all great apes (gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, bonobos, humans)
-Genus Homo- man (some extinct species), homo sapiens (wise man) are the only extant species
in this genus
-Species sapiens- wise
Anatomy- form. Study of the parts of the body and how they relate to each other
-Gross/macroscopic anatomy- study of body parts visible to naked eye
-Regional anatomy- all the structures in a particular region of the body
-Systemic anatomy- structure of the body are studied by the systems
-Microscopic anatomy- very small structures that cannot be viewed with naked eye- structures
viewed by the aid of a microscope
oCytology- study of cells
oHistology- study of tissues
-Developmental anatomy- structural changes (growth) that occur in the body throughout the life
span
Physiology- function of body parts
- Systemic physiology- study of function of system of the body
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