Quiz 1 Guide

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Teaching and Learning
TAL 308

Quiz 1 GuideSunday September 14 2014Characteristics of CultureSum total of ideas conditioned emotional responsespatterns of habitual behavior that are learned either through instruction or imitationLinguistic Language dialect accent etc1Familial Family structure nuclear extended permeable blended etc2Religious Religion involves diff lifestyle practices34Socioeconomic Diff of access to resources opportunities childrearing practices education etcShirley Brice Heath White middleclass families focus on cues to share knowledge discuss events during story time white workingclass families focus on pictures AA workingclass families engage in oral story tellingEducational Value systems deferred or immediate gratification5Aesthetic Clothing art music dance food67Gender Roles Some cultures have rigid divisions of labor language use men tend to speak descriptively vs women speaking analyticallyintonationpitch women more participatory tag questions8Diet Mealtimes food types served9Conditioned Emotional Responses Physical distance during conversation comparison of ppl to animals idiomatic expressionsTermsEnculturation Process of acquiring characteristics of a given culturebecoming competent in itSocialization General process of learning the social norms of a culture learning what is expected in social roles as modeled by othersManifestations of CultureThrough social institutions lived experiencesfulfillment of psychologicalbasic physical needsSocial ValuesStatus symbols meaning of morality vs immorality use of punishmentrewardNonverbal Communication PatternsCultural context of specific acts appropriateness of greetings body language posture etcLanguage Soundscombinations patternsRelationshipsChoosing a significant other parenting courting mens vs womens rolesSocietal RolesEthnocentrismThe inability to view other cultures as equally viable alternatives for organizing realityStandard English seen as the standard others viewed as inferiorbadDominant CultureUS politicalsocial institutions evolved from WASP traditionsInfluence formal institutions such as schools gvts social welfare banks businesses etcEthnically diverse middle class members adopted WASP characteristicsvaluesIndividualismMeritocracyStatus symbols displaying wealthCore values of freedomEmphasis on valuing youthInvoluntary MinoritiesMinorities who have become part of the US society through circumstances out of their controlGroups forced to become minoritiesAfrican Americans slaveryNative Americans conquestcolonizationMexican Americans conquestannexationPuerto Ricans colonizationNot assimilated conscious or unconscious resistanceDo not speak standard EnglishConsistently appear in bottom rung of educational progressAssimilationA groups distinctive cultural patterns either become part of the dominant culture or disappear as the group adopts the dominant cultureFirst form is learning standard EnglishStructural AssimilationThe dominant group shares primary group relations w the second group intermarriage same social groups etcCultural PluralismDescribes a society that allows multiple distinctive groups to function separatelyequally without requiring assimilation into a dominant groupAcceptance of cultural differencesCultural DissonanceDiscontinuationCultural differences affecting childrennot easily overcomeChildren struggle to function in mainstream US cultureCultural EncapsulationIE Native Americans live on their own reservations upholding their own politicaleconomic systems while rarely receiving the same opportunitiesequality as the dominant groupMulticulturalismAllows different cultural groups to maintain their unique cultural identities while participating equally in the dominant culturePromotes retention of diverse ethnicreligious group identitiesIntegrationequality across groupsCase StudiesBlackfeet SonEducational learning to count kinesthetically vs using symbols on paper at schoolFamilialDiet waking up at daybreak to participate in family work eating way earlier than classEducational learning outdoors hands onFamilial spends majority of time with elders vs peers his age in classIlilaniLukaLinguistic collaborative storytellingFamilial telling storiessharing experiences jointly working together
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