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[PSY BEH 11A] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 42 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 11A
Professor
Bruce G.Berg
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 11A
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Methods of Acquiring Knowledge
how is knowledge acquired?
otenacity: mere exposure, superstition, and habit; resistance to change;
underlies racism and sexism
oauthority: acceptance of information from authority figures such as media,
teachers, parents, and clergy
dilemma results when two authority figures disagree
ointuition: self-generated knowledge, hunches, “gut feeling”
orationalism: acquisition of knowledge through thought and reasoning.
follows rules of logic and argumentation
oempiricism: acquisition of knowledge through direct experience
I know because…
oit has always been
resistant to external evidence (tenacity)
othey told me
rely on particular venue for obtaining world news (authority)
oI know
made decisions based on intuition
oI thought
made an argument in order to prove a point (rationalism)
in the realm of science, we are concerned with shared public knowledge rather
than personal private knowledge
oa society that operates with a public knowledge space based on tenacity
will be quite different from one that bases its public knowledge on
empiricism
EMPIRICISM is the only method that is self-correcting
Data Theory Loop
oTheory  Data using deduction
general rule to specific data (prediction)
oData  Theory using induction
specific data to general rule (modify theory)
possible explanations for eating behaviors
obiological basis: maintain glucose levels, homeostasis
ocultural influences: “thin to win”
osocial influences: how are you perceived by someone else?
ocognitive influences: memory, “6pm supper”
osensory/perceptual influences: cooking odors
ogenetic: leptin production in “Zucker rats”
possible explanations for aggressive behavior
obiological: neurological disorder
osocial: peer pressure or family influence
ocultural: machismo
ocognitive: poor anger management
omedia: violent programming
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oevolution: innate characteristic
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