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PSY BEH 11B Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Classical Conditioning, Dishabituation, Contiguity

Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
Kier Groulx
Study Guide

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PsyBeh 11B Weeks 1-2
Chapter 7 Review Notes
Perspective of Learning Theory
Learning involves forming of simple associations
o Complex learning is simply more layers of simple associations
Simplest form of learning
A decline in response to stimuli after repeated exposure
o Basically just getting so used to a certain stimulus that organisms mind
begins to ignore it
Opposite habituation
Increase in reaction to new stimulus
o So used to a certain stimulus that if it has changed even slightly, will
renew its attention to the stimulus
Classical Conditioning
Learning association between one stimulus and another
o US (unconditioned stimulus) stimulus that produces involuntary
response UR
o UR (unconditioned response) response triggered by US
o CS (conditioned stimulus) linked to US to evoke CR
US followed by CS is how association is made
o CR (conditioned response) response to CS
Second-order conditioning
o After CS-US paired, introduce second neutral stimulus to produce second-
order conditioning
After CS-US paired, if CS without US, extinction
o Spontaneous recovery shows CR masked, no forgotten
o CR can be elicited by stimuli similar to CS
Response is weaker the less similar it is
o One stimulus (CS+) is presented with the US, and another (CS-) is
presented without the US
CS serves as signal for upcoming events
o Learning less likely if CS at same time as US or if CS follows US
o Learning occurs only if contingency between CS and US
Contiguity not enough
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