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[PSY BEH 11C] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (28 pages long!)


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 11C
Professor
Peter Ditto
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 11C
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSB 11C WEEK 7 PART 1 LECTURE 2/12/15
Freud's Personality Theory
Motivation
People as energy systems
Key motivation is gratification of instinctual desired related to
survival and procreation
Structure
Id, Ego, Superego
Desire for gratification conflicts with concerns of reality and
morality
Conservation and Compromise
Freud as Developmentalist
Early views based on case studies
Sexual abuse vs. seduction "fantasies"
Children have "polymorphous perversity"
Focus of libidinal(id) energy changes over development-
erogenous zones
Invariant stages of development
Fixation and Regression
Leave energy behind at stages thru trauma, under gratification
or over gratification
Return to these forms of gratification under stress-creates
individual differences
Oral Stage (Birth-18 months)
Erogenous Zone
Mouth (sucking)
Typical Conflicts
•Weening
Under and Over Feeding
Typical Outcomes
Oral habits like thumb sucking, fingernail biting, eating,
smoking
"Biting" sarcasm, public speaking
Anal Stage (18 months-4 years)
Erogenous Zone
Anus (production)
Typical Conflicts
Toilet Training
Control Issues
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Typical Outcomes
Retentive traits like orderly, thrifty, stubborn, controlling
Expulsive traits like messy, generous, scatological humor
Phallic Stage (4 years-6 years)
Erogenous Zone
Genitals (masturbation)
Typical Conflicts
Parents Flip Out!!!
Typical Outcomes
Crucial stage in development of superego and sex roles
Different paths for boys and girls
The Oedipus Complex
For both sexes, conflict begins with attraction to mom
Boy begins to hate father as rival
And fears him-castration anxiety
What's a boy to do?
Identification with the aggressor
Internalizes father as disciplinarian-creates superego
Represses the whole conflict
The Electra Complex
Very Controversial
Begins same as boys-mother as source of pleasure, attraction
Girl realizes she is missing something-penis envy
What's a girl to do?
Becomes attracted to dad--he has a penis
Identification with mom as she is penis-less too
No intense conflict--weak superego
Latency and Genital Stage
Latency stage (6 years- puberty)
Little libidinal activity or conflict
Genital Stage (puberty - on)
Mature sexual interests
No longer autoerotic
Conflicts--shame and guilt about sexuality
Summary of Stage Theory
Children leave energy behind at almost every stage
Timing of childhood conflicts and fixations shapes adults
personality
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Problems caused by fixations--energy stuck in past conflicts
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