[PUBHLTH 2] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 19 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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UC-Irvine
PUBHLTH 2
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Public Health in Action
Chapters 1-10
Chapter 1: How do you know if you have succeeded?
- Look at results, outcomes, and real information about public health priorities
- Compare to national results
- Evaluate how well you worked with organizations, individuals, and communities
in addressing public health goals
- Examples:
- Health People 2000
- Health Vermonters 2000
Chapter 2: Act swiftly to protect the public’s health
- Act fast and efficiently during a disease outbreak, environmental threat or public
health hazard
- Willingness of epidemiologist or public health nurse to visit the area and talk to
parents, schools and the community
- Example: a child has been diagnosed with meningococcal disease and the
community was terrified
- Investigate: identify close contacts, ensure those who need precautionary
antibiotics (ATB) get them, and explain how disease does and does not spread
Chapter 3: Know how your house is built
- Understand your own community’s local health departments
- Know the strengths and weaknesses of your community
- Will help you as you work to get your job done and produce results
- Example: What is the function of a public health nurse?
Chapter 4: You must earn credibility
- Deliver information in a timely fashion and in a manner that the person asking for
it will be able to use it
- Communicate information clearly
- How do you know if you have gained credibility?
- Asked to do more work- will have more opportunities to work in a way to
influence policy on public health issues
- Asked to be involved in larger and more complex issues
Chapter 5: Finding community leaders in public health
- Local leaders successfully use many principles of community organizing
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- Can read a wide spectrum of the community
- ie., drug treatment sector, local police, leaders in criminal justice, etc.
- Example: Fighting HIV and AIDS
- Community needs to be convinced that a needle exchange program would
not only reduce HIV infection but also the use of drugs
Chapter 6: How do you know if a population is healthy?
- How do we measure the health of a population?
- Problem is that we typically measure a disease, not health
- Need to decide which measures to use to focus public health efforts
- Example: Measuring access to health care
- Focus efforts on prevention
- Serve as proxy for immunization rates
Chapter 7: Be a guest in their home
- Meeting elected officials in order to create and improve public health policies
- Speaking to committees: be prepared to know the staff, ready to spend time at the
statehouse and willing to talk about health anywhere- in hallways, on balconies, in
the cafeteria, etc.
- Example: The Comprehensive Clean Indoor Air bill
- Legislation that prohibits smoking in common areas of public places
Chapter 8: How do you keep the balls in the air?
- Balance short-term and long-term goals
- Make prompt, correct decisions that will protect public health
- Know when to call a colleague and when to call the CDC
- Example: Foodborne illness
- Know what you know, but more importantly, what you do not know and where
you can find the information quickly
Chapter 9: Strike while the iron is hot
- Act quickly when a problem arises
- Be ready to act when an opportunity comes up
- Example: Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine
- Measles in Vermont
- New bill that amended part of immunization law was introduced
- Offered opportunities for parents to check children’s immunization status
Chapter 10: Respect the unwritten rules
- Example: Preparing the budget
- Unwritten rule:
- Preparation time for budget
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