[GEOG M109] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (55 pages long!)

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6 Feb 2017
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GEOG M109
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Geog M109 Human Impact on the Biophysical Environment: What Science has Learned
Prof. Xue
Winter 2017
Week 1, Lec. 1
Human activities that have changed and will continue to change the Earth’s
environment:
Hydrology
Vegetation
CO2
Soil
Landform
Cryosphere
Top 10 Warmest Years (1880-2013)
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1. 2010
2. 2005
3. 1998
4. 2013
5. 2003
6. 2002
7. 2006
8. 2009
9. 2007
10. 2004, tied with 2012 and 2014
*The warmest years are in the 2000s
Introduction to Ideas of Human Impact on Climate
Late 18th and early 19th century: development of ideas of global warming began
with studies of torrents of the Alps (deforestation in the Alps) → greatly enhanced
the realization of human capacity to change the environment
Count Buffon (French naturalist): first Western scientist to be concerned with
human impact on environment
He compared the appearances of inhabited and uninhabited land:
Few woods, lakes, marshes
More scrubs
Less fertilized soil
Bare mountains
Domestication of plants and animals
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