Test 5 Review
1) Transient psychotic symptoms are often seen in which of the following personality disorders?
1. schizoid and paranoid
2) The single best word for the person with paranoid personality disorder is
3) The fear of ________ is a common issue for dependent and borderline personality disorders
4) Individuals with schizoid and paranoid personality disorders differ significantly in their
a) level of emotionality
5) ________ personality disorder is much more common in men than women and involves the
exploitation of others without remorse
6) Both a lack of parental indulgence and parental overindulgence have been proposed as
explanations for ________ personality disorder
7) Alack of parental indulgence of a child’s overconfidence might play a causal role in ________
8) Which of the following is most likely to be mistaken for shizoprenia?
9) The individual with avoidant personality disorder is unlikely to develop lasting relationships as a
result of their
a) fear of rejection
10) Which of the following differentiates the borderline from antisocial personality?
a) self-injurious behavior
11) Like many individuals with personality disorders, individuals with histrionic personality disorder
are rarely able to maintain relationships over time. Why?
a) their need for attention is likely to drive others away
12) Which is NOT part of the clinical picture in antisocial personality and psychopathy?
a) careful planning of future activities that will help their families
13) Which best accounts for why women are more likely to be diagnosed with histrionic than men?
a) the symptoms tend to be exaggerations of traits normally seen in women
14) Which of the following is NOT a Cluster B personality disorder?
15) Which best explains why it is such a challenge to treat personality disorders?
a) by definition they are enduring patterns of thought and behavior
16) Which of the following is most typical of the IP attitudes and behaviors of someone with antisocial
a) cruel and callous exploitation of others for personal gain
17) The behavioral patterns of individuals with personality disorders
a) are thought to be relatively consistent over time, with little adaptation to new kinds of
18) Which personality disorders may be mistaken for anxiety disorders?
a) Cluster C
19) Which is most typical of the IP attitudes and behaviors of someone with histrionic personality
a) repeated manipulation of others to gain attention
20) Unlike the person with paranoid shizophrenia, the person with paranoid personality disorder
a) experiences, at worst, transient psychotic symptoms
21) Hope believes that she is the ‘star’of her graduate class and that others dislike her because they
are jealous of her superior intelligence. She probably suffers from
a) narcissistic personality disorder
22) The “clusters” of personality disorders found in the DSM-IV-TR are grouped based on a) symptom similarities
23) John has a great need for order and perfection. What personality disorder does this suggest?
24) Why does the person with OCPD have problems in IP relationships?
a) they have no time for relationships
25) The histrionic seeks _________, while the narcissist needs________
a) attention; admiration
26) Which statement about personality disorders is accurate?
a) the category is broad and encompasses behavioral problems that vary widely in form and
27) Personality disorders were once known as
a) character disorders
28) Involvement in an abusive relationship would be most expected of the individual with _______
29) According to the DSM-IV-TR, which must be true for a diagnosis of a personality disorder?
a) the patient’s behavior must not be explained by the presence of another disorder
30) After a single date, Glenn believed that Sam loved her and that she could not live without him.
When he told her he did not want to see her again, she became violently angry and manipulated him
to stay with her by threatening suicide. She probably has
31) James has 2 alcoholic parents. Research suggests that his risk for alcoholism is
a) greater than if he had one alcoholic parent
32) Emotional immaturity, low frustration tolerance, impulsivity, and aggressiveness are
a) the pre-alcoholic personality
33) Which statement about alcohol abuse disorders and other psych disorders is accurate?
a) the personality disorder most often associated with alcohol abuse is antisocial personality
34) One of the most frequent causes of divorce in the US is
a) excessive alcohol use
35) The most effective approach to alcohol treatment appears to be
a) a multidisciplinary approach that may also involve intensive treatment in an inpatient setting
36) Relapses and continued deterioration after treatment for alcohol abuse are generally associated
a) a lack of close relationships with family or friends
37) Drug abuse and dependence are most common in what age group and in what type of community
a) adolescence and young adulthood; economically depressed communities
38) About 100 years ago, the drug ______ was hailed as a cure for morphine addiction; today, the drug
______ is used to treat people with a heroin addiction.
a) heroin; methadone
39) Aperson who has just “mainlined” heroin will experience
a) a euphoric spasm that lasts for about one minute
40) Which of the following statements about opiate addiction is true?
a) addiction involves both tolerance and withdrawal
41) Withdrawal from heroin
a) is not always a very painful and sometimes a dangerous process
42) Judd is ready to begin treatment for heroin addiction. Which offers the best chance of success?
a) methadone in combination with psychotherapy
43) What is buprenorphine?
a) a new medication that is an equally effective sub for methadone but with fewer side effects and
no withdrawal symptoms when discontinued
44) Unlike opiates, cocaine
a) stimulates the cortex of the brain and induces excitement and sleeplessness
45) Impaired memory and concentration, sluggishness, lack of motor coordination, and brain damage
are side effects associated with a) barbiturates
46) An involuntary reoccurrence of perceptual distortions can occur weeks or months after taking a
particular drug. This phenomenon is called ______; the drug is called _________.
a) a flashback; LSD
47) The hemp plant, Cannabis sativa, is the source of two psychoactive drugs:
a) marijuana and hashish
48) Bertha has been drinking to excess for many years. She is malnourished. This is because
a) although alcohol is full of calories, it has no nutritional value; alcohol impairs the body’s
ability to utilize nutrients
49) Dr. Tong says, “Alcohol abuse stems from a desire by the individual to bring about changes in
mood, to feel less stress, and to gain peer approval.” These comments illustrate the ______ of
a) sociocultural viewpoint
50) The first stage in the treatment of alcoholism includes
a) treating physical withdrawal symptoms
51) An extensive four-year follow up of treated alcoholics found that
a) regardless of the treatment used, alcoholics are difficult to treat
52) The abstinence violation effect is
a) the effect that physiologically addicting drugs have in making continued abstinence difficult
53) The most frequently cited reason given by addicts for beginning to use heroin is
54) If Gus is like most cocaine-dependent patients, his chances of effective treatment will be reduced
a) he has severe antisocial personality disorder, too.
55) The combination of barbiturates and _________ is a potentially lethal one because each drug
potentiates the depressant action of the other.
56) The central feature of alcohol amnestic disorder is
a) a memory defect for recent events
57) Many alcohol treatment programs now include
a) biofeedback to teach individuals to reduce their alcohol cravings
58) Less than 20% of the world’s population consumes 80% of the world’s alcohol. This 20% comes
from one culture:
59) Janet participates in a treatment program in which she receives alcohol after an intramuscular
injection of emetine hydrochloride, which induces nausea and vomiting. This is designed to
a) induce aversive conditioning
60) Barbiturate withdrawal
a) is far less severe than opiate withdrawal
61) Individuals with personality disorders
a) are unable to live up to societal expectations
62) What core belief might explain the behavior of an individual with dependent personality disorder?
a) “I am helpless”
63) The central problem of schizoid personality disorder is
a) an inability to for attachments to other people
64) Symptoms of whatAxis I disorder are present in individuals who develop ASPD?
a) conduct disorder
65) Helen is suspicious and doubts the loyalty of even her friends. She is unwilling to forgive
perceived insults and never forgets a grudge. She most likely has
a) paranoid personality disorder
66) Antisocial personality disorder differs from the other Cluster B disorders in that
a) a need for approval or attention is not displayed
67) Charlie has a tendency to be dramatic, emotional, and erratic. He acts impulsively and has been
arrested several times. Which disorder does he most likely have? a) borderline
68) Hattie has a dependent personality disorder. This means that she
a) has acute discomfort when she is alone
69) Conventional antipsychotics
a) work by blocking dopamine receptors
70) Others are needed for self-definition in ________ personality disorder
71) Helena has avoidant personality disorder. She is likely to
a) be hypersensitive to any sign of criticism or rejection
72) Once called character disorders, ________ disorders stem from the gradual development of
inflexible and distorted patterns of behavior.
73) Schizophrenic disorders seem to be most strongly linked genetically to _________ personality
74) Children of parents with antisocial personality disorder who were adopted into other families
a) developed antisocial personality disorder at higher rates only if their adoptive parents had
problems, such as marital conflict
75) The individual with __________ personality disorder is likely to be described as rigid and cold
76) Histrionic personality disorder is most likely to be diagnosed in people who
a) are attention seeking and overly emotional
77) Henry was a charming middle-aged man who came to the attention of authorities of bigamy
charges. He had a long history of courting and supposedly marrying elderly widows, then absconding
with their money.
a) antisocial personality disorder
78) In research studies, in addition to failing to learn to avoid punishments, psychopaths
a) did not show normal fear potential startle responses
79) Which basic personality traits from the 5 factor model seem most important in the development of
obsessive compulsive personality disorder?
a) high conscientiousness and low compliance
80) What basic personality traits from the 5 factor model seem most important in the development of