[PSYCH 250] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (46 pages long)

134 views46 pages
6 Feb 2017
School
Department
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.

U of M
PSYCH 250
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
PSYCH 250
Lecture 1: Science of Human Development
Prof Jodl
The Study of Human Development
Seeks to understand how and why people change or remain the same over time
Is a ___________
Studies all kinds of people
Studies ___________
Five characteristics of Development
Development is Multidirectional
A critical period refers to a time when a particular type of developmental growth
___________
A sensitive period refers to a time when a when a certain type of development is
___________
Development is Multicontextual
Historical context
A ___________ refers to all persons burn at about the time who
experience the same historical events and cultural shifts
Socioeconomic context
SES (socioeconomic status) is a combination of ___________
Globally and locally, SES is one of the best predictors of health
Poverty rates almost always correlate with health indicators
(mortality) in just about every phase of the life span
Culture - a system of shared beliefs, norms, behaviors, and expectations that persist
over time and prescribe social rules of conduct
Ethnic group - people whose ancestors were born in the same region and who often
share a language, culture, and religion
Race - a group of people who are regarded by themselves or by others as distinct from
other groups based on physical appearance
Social scientists believe race is a misleading concept
Deficit or Just Different
Culture is powerful
___________
That is, a concept created by society
Difference-equals-deficit error
Development is Multidisciplinary
Psychology
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Education
Neuroscience
Medicine
Anthropology
Development is Plastic
Plasticity refers to the ___________ of change. Human traits can be molded or
shaped & yet people maintain a durability of identity
Some aspects of development have a greater capacity for change than others
Differential sensitivity
Human Development as a Science
Scientific Method - a general way to seek empirical evidence to answer a question
1. Formulate a ___________
2. Develop a ___________
3. Test the hypothesis
4. Draw ___________
5. Make findings available
Common research methods
Scientific observation
Naturalistic versus laboratory
___________
The survey
___________
Studying Change over Time
Cross-sectional - examines groups of people of different ages at some point in
time
Longitudinal - ___________
Cross-sequential - studies several groups of people of different ages and then
follows those groups longitudinally
General Research Designs:
Correlational
Experimental
Data collected without altering a
participant’s experiences
Scientists manipulates a variable to
see if it affects another variable
Reveals relations among variables,
but ___________
Able to establish ___________
An example: Media Violence
Watching violent TV is positively correlated with aggression in children
The Hypothesis
Experimental Hypothesis - prediction that the treatment will cause a specific effect
Independent and Dependent Variable
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class