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SOC-100 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Penile Cancer, Medicalization, Nuclear Family

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Gender stratification: gender inequality, unequal distribution of
wealth, power and privilege between men and women
Matriarchy: form of social organization in which females dominate
Sexism: belief that one sex or the other is innately inferior or superior
Patriarchy: men over women (we live in one)
Cost of sexism
o Psychological problems for women
o Men behave in higher risk behaviors than women
Gender roles = sex roles
o Gender effects how we think of ourselves and teaches us how
to behave
Gender and the family
o Boy or girl changes handling of child
o Female: passivity and emotion
o Male: independence and action
Gender and peer groups
o Janet lever: found that boys favor winning and girls favor
o Gilligan
o Schooling: gender shapes interests and beliefs, guides areas of
study, and career choices
Gender and the mass media
o White men dominate mass media
o Minorities locked out until the early 1970’s
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o The “beauty myth”: Body types advertised are false beliefs and
o Women receive roles based on sex appeal
Miss representation documentary:
o 10 hours and 45 minutes of media consumption a day
o 53% of 13-year-old aren’t happy with their bodies, that
increases to 78% by age 17
o 2319 men been governors compared to 34 women
o women brought up to be insecure and waiting for their “knight
and shining armor” princess movies
o women only own 5.8% of tv stations and 6% of radio
social stratification:
o 190o: 20% of all women in the labor force
o 2011: 60% of all women work and 72% of working women work
full time
o on average, women earn 77 cents for every dollar earned by
o higher occupation prestige higher gap between men and
education, politics, and military
o 2007: women eared 59% of all associate & bachelor degrees,
61% of master’s degrees, and 50% of doctorates
o politics: women active in local, state politics
o military: 15% of US military personnel are women, including
deployed troops
women a minority?
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o Minority: any category of people distinguished by physical or
cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates
o Intersection theory: interplay of race, class, and gender,
resulting in multiple dimensions of disadvantage
Violence against women
o Sexual assaults, rapes, physical assaults
o Campus and university gender violence
o 1 in 4 women raped
o female circumcision
violence against men
o men are more likely to be both the perpetrators and victims of
o men experience more stress; expected to be providers,
dominant, etc.
sexual harassment: comments, gestures, or physical contacts of a
sexual nature that are deliberate, repeated, and unwelcomed
pornography: sexually explicit material that causes sexual arousal
o pornography=unequal
o pornography encourages men to rape women
o freedom of speech/artistic expression versus morality
feminism principles
o working to increase equality
o expansion of human choice
o eliminate gender stratification
o ending sexual violence
o promotes sexual freedom
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