Why do we punish: deterrence, retribution, and rehabilitation. Grotius law of war (1583-1645): this work leads us to the notion of. Accomplices a punishment b c a degree of malice that constitutes a crime and merits power to prevent the deed- forbearance providing shelter for or harboring a criminal. Beccaria (1738-1794): critical focus on legal practices of northern italy; Leniency a b punishment b/c punishments can"t go beyond human limits harsher punishments create hardened human souls difficult to sustain the necessary proportion b/t crime and. 1 of endurance c harshness gives rise to impunity. 2 offender has power and connections to further endanger the person"s death is true and only brake to prevent others from. Death penalty necessary a security of a nation; spark a revolution b committing crimes. Nietzsche: the question of punishment has no simple answer (in order. Institution of law a b most decisive act a supreme power performs create existence of just and unjust.