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HLSC 2P49 (5)
Chapter 1

Lecture 1 Chapter Summary (Chapter 1 and p.253-257).doc

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Brock University
Health Sciences
Tony Bogaert

Health and Psychology 2 Edition Lecture 1 Chapter Summary and Key Terms (Chapter 1 and p.256-260) Health Psychology – Devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they do get ill. W.H.O definition of health: “a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” 1948 Etiology – Refers to the origins or cause of illness Sigmund Freud – “Conversion hysteria” Patient converts the conflict into a syndrome via the voluntary nervous system. Dunbar and Alexander – “Psychosomatic medicine” Bodily disorders that are caused by emotional conflicts such as ulcers, hypothyroidism, arthritis, and asthma. Behavioral Medicine – Objective and clinically relevant interventions that would demonstrate the connections between body and mind. Acute disorders – Short term medical illnesses, often the result of a viral or bacterial invader and usually amenable to cure. Chronic illnesses – Slowly developing diseases with which people live for a long time, often chronic illness cannot be cured but, rather, only managed by the patient and provider working together. Epidemiology – the study of the frequency, distribution, and causes of infectious and noninfectious disease in a population, based on an investigation of the physical and social environment. Morbidity – Refers to the number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point in time. May be expressed as the number of new cases (incidence) or as th
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