Health and Psychology 2 Edition
Lecture 1 Chapter Summary and Key Terms (Chapter 1 and p.256-260)
Health Psychology – Devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people
stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they do get ill.
W.H.O definition of health: “a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” 1948
Etiology – Refers to the origins or cause of illness
Sigmund Freud – “Conversion hysteria” Patient converts the conflict into a syndrome
via the voluntary nervous system.
Dunbar and Alexander – “Psychosomatic medicine” Bodily disorders that are caused by
emotional conflicts such as ulcers, hypothyroidism, arthritis, and asthma.
Behavioral Medicine – Objective and clinically relevant interventions that would
demonstrate the connections between body and mind.
Acute disorders – Short term medical illnesses, often the result of a viral or bacterial
invader and usually amenable to cure.
Chronic illnesses – Slowly developing diseases with which people live for a long time,
often chronic illness cannot be cured but, rather, only managed by the patient and
provider working together.
Epidemiology – the study of the frequency, distribution, and causes of infectious and
noninfectious disease in a population, based on an investigation of the physical and social
Morbidity – Refers to the number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point in
time. May be expressed as the number of new cases (incidence) or as th