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HLSC 3P37 (1)
Chapter 1-2

HLSC 3P37 Chapter 1-2: Week 2 + 3 Readings (Notes)

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Brock University
Health Sciences
Paula Gardner

Qualitative Research Methods in Action: Chapter 1 Qualitative research can encompass a wide variety of different experiences and settings. It is important for determining more complicated information about subjects. Examples given: - Widows when studied quantitatively would express how often in numbers they saw their children o Researchers would also assume that this was a measure of well being even though it may not be for others - When discussed qualitatively the researchers were able to determine how much the widower considered seeing their children as “often” and how meaningful it was for them to see their children o Did they identify their children as “overprotective” or did they find it as a component of closeness? o Case study with Sarah who spends winters in Florida… how children watch over the house and help pay bills… - Sees research subjects as participants instead of as subjects Use in Daily Life - Qualitative researchers use qualitative research skills everyday such as being more aware of their surroundings o “fascination” with everyday routines resulting in constant analytical thinking - Some observations are considered “common sense” but in reality people do not pay attention to them until they are looked at in detail o One example is how men take up more space than women do, and students did not believe the instructor until they looked around - Candace West example… she felt uneasy about one person who was actually an undercover animal control officer looking for unregistered dogs… he was asking questions inappropriately and looked like he wasn’t a dog owner… o She often doesn’t leave concerns about work “at the office” and thinks about them daily… always being “on call” Creswell Chpt. 4 Narrative Research - Collect stories from individuals - Can be collaborative from the researcher/interviewee because from the story constructing itself over time - May shed light on individuals about how they see themselves - Can be more than just interviews such as observations, documents and pictures - Researchers can help organize stories chronologically - Can be analyzed o Thematically – about what was said o Structural – nature of the telling of the story o Dialogic/performance – who the story is directed towards - Narratives often contain turning points – specific tensions or interruptions that can be described by the researcher - Narratives take place in special places or situations and context is important Types of narratives 1. Biographical study – a researcher records and writes experiences of another person’s life 2. Autoethnography – personal story of the author and the wider cultural meanings behind it; multiple layers of consciousness, vulnerable self, coherent self, self in social contexts, dominant discourses, and the evocation potential 3. Life history – individual’s entire life 4. Oral history – personal reflections of cause and effects from one or more people Narrative research is best used when collecting life experiences from individuals or a small number of individuals. These can be looked at in various ways such as the way the researcher was asking the questions.
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