PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes -Scapegoating, Stress Management, Shoplifting

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15 Apr 2012
Cengage now: ch. 13: health, stress and coping
1. Which of the following is not an effective method of handling conflicts? [making a quick decision]
2. ________ is an acquired inability to avoid aversive stimuli. [learned helplessness]
3. Which of the following conflicts is most like those we encounter in everyday life? [multiple approach-
4. Everywhere Steve turned, he experienced peer pressure to smoke cigarettes, prominent advertising, and
nicotine cravings. Luckily, he was able to resist these pressures because he underwent ________ training
during his anti-smoking program.[refusal skills]
5. Willie realized that he should have studied harder and he was upset that he performed poorly on his test.
Rather than complaining to the professor, he yelled at his roommate. This example illustrates: [displaced
6. ________ is a term used to describe the links between behavior, stress, disease, and the immune system.
7. Which of the following events might contribute to depressive feelings? [all of these (isolation, work
pressure, breakup from an intimate relationship)]
8. ________ usually increases as the strength, urgency, or importance of a blocked motive
increases. [frustration]
9. A graduate student in psychology who decides on a career where she can use behavioral principles to
prevent illness and promote health is choosing: [health psychology]
10. During what stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome model does the body mobilize its resources to cope
with added stress? [alarm]
11. Kim used a technique that she learned in class to systematically relax. She tightened all of her muscles then
voluntarily relaxed them. She is using the ________ technique. [progressive relaxation]
12. John made a decision at work that got his friend, Jill, fired. When confronted with this information,
John said "You must be mistaken." This unwillingness to accept responsibility illustrates which
defense mechanism? [denial]
13. As a child, Susan's parents were mugged in and beaten at gunpoint before her eyes. Years later,
during therapy, she was unable to remember the details of this event. This example illustrates
what defense mechanism? [repression]
14. Community health campaigns often provide ________ or positive examples of people who have
improved their own health. [role models]
15. Depression is likely to damage health because people with depression: [rarely exercise]
16. What stress management technique is characterized by visualizing calming scenes? [guided
17. At the office, Doug was unjustly blamed for the failure of a project that he had only recently begun
working on. This placement of blame on Doug for a condition that was not his fault is an example
of ________. [scapegoating]
18. People face microstressors, or hassles, on a daily basis. Which of the following is NOT a
common hassle faced by college students? [boredom]
19. Many lifestyle diseases can be treated by making minor changes in behavior. Jay wanted to decrease his
risk of developing hypertension, so he decided to make which of the following changes? [consuming less
20. Some symptoms of depression include(s): [frequently being self-critical]
21. Sara's friends knew that she felt insecure about her physical appearance because she constantly pointed
out people and exaggerated their unattractive characteristics. This attribution of her own shortcomings to
others is known as: [projection]
22. Which of the following life events is associated with the highest number of life change units in the
Social Readjustment Rating Scale? [death of a child]
23. Rudy was caught shoplifting by the local constable. The constable told him that he could choose
who was informed (either his father or his mother) by a phone call from the police. Rudy was
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