PSYC 1001 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Semantic Network, Suggestibility, Amygdala

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10 Aug 2016
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Course
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Psychology
Nov 8
Ch 7
Three processes of memory
-encoding: seeing a stimulus and putting it into memory. Things that can go wrong: weapon focus
-storage: in different parts of the brain depending on info
-retrieval:
Attention
-cocktail party phenomenon: blocking out information that is irrelevant to us, however as soon as we
hear info that is related to us we pay attention.
Levels of processing hypothesis
-3 levels:
-shallow: simply remembering definition of a word
-intermediate: putting in context and interacting with what we want to memorize
-deep:
-increasing level of involvement with what we are trying to learn will increase memory
-multi-tasking harms processing memory
Other effect on encoding
-elaboration:
-self referent encoding: see previous slide. How something’s is important to me.
Three memory systems
Sensory memory
-sensory memory: for sensory information. Sounds, images etc… last for a fraction of a second.
STM
-doesn’t need to be a word. Ex: list of 25 words, you would remember 5-9 words. But if you chunk
words, grouping words that fit together, will increase STM
-not permanent
-short term memory info can later be stored into long term memory
-rehearsal: going over and over info.
-words that cant be traced to an image and are abstract like courage, determination are more difficult to
remember.
LTM
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