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PSYC 3402 (29)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Summary.docx

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PSYC 3402
Ralph Serin

Chapter 4 Summary CHANGING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR o A utilitarian model suggest that people engage in criminal behaviour because crime pays and to reduce crime its costs must be increasedo Adrews and Bonta 2006 and others McQuire question if such utilitarian model exists and refined it o They assert that criminality can be decreased when the rewards for crime are reduced and the costs for crime are increased while the rewards for prosocial behaviour are increased and the costs for prosocial behaviour are decreased BEHAVIOUR REWARDS COSTS Criminal A Reduce B Add Prosocial C Add D ReducePURPOSES OF SENTENCINGSection 718 CCC are to ensure respect for the law and the maintenance of a just peaceful and safe society o To denounce unlawful conduct o To remove offenders from society o To assist in rehabilitation of offenders o To provide reparationto victims o To promote a sense of responsibility in offendersDETERRENCE Ideologies public perceptionsPunishment extreme hard1 Those who commit crimes are bad2 Criminals are unlikely to change unless compelled to3 Criminals need to be dealt with more strictly to get theirattention4 The cost and consequence need to be as serious as possRehabilitation extreme soft1 Criminals are no different than others2 They can reform themselves and have decent lives3 Grown up negatively and need to be offered better opportunitiesSentencing and Sanctions o Retributioneye for an eye society has the right to harm criminals o Incapacitation removing offenders ability to commit crimeo Deterrenceapplication of punishment to influence behaviour
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