RELIGST 3C03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Murad V, Midhat Pasha, Ulama

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ARTICLE NOTES FOR: RELIGIOUS STUDIES
3C03
McMaster University, Winter 2015
MONDAY, JANUARY 26, Y
Thursday January 8: Colonialism and the Muslim Response: Jam al-Din Afghani
Readings: Hourani: Arabic Thought, 103-60
Houraini - Arabic Thought
-Seizure of power by Europe
oFor a Muslim, it meant that his community was in Danger
oThe Umma
Ulama - The conservatives, the sultan himself. Those who were in opposition;
Midhat Pasha - Was sent into exile; allowed to return, he was arrested and accused of murder of
Abdullaziz
-First constitutional movement died with him
Occupation of Tunis by France in 1881
Occupation of Egypt by England in 1882
Took place of a radical change in the political thought of the Near East
The seizure of power by Europe, meant that his community was in Danger
Umma - Political Community
Midhat Pasha - Intelligent and successful official who held high office and whose views were
those of Young Ottomans
Led a coup d’etat which deposed Abdulaziz and replaced him with his Nephew Murad V
The Ulama
Enemies to the constitution
“The conservatives”
The Sultan was not willing to give up on his personal powers
He had only accepted the constitution because of powers above him
The Sultan as a benevolent liberal monarch was replaced with overshadowed by another;
Sultan of Sunni Islam, shadow of God on Earth
Putting it on the constitution in order to reinforce the loyalty of the Muslim people?
The Arabs were largest group
oThey were the key to Africa
oThrough them, the empire might be able to resist European control of African
territories.
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2015
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