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Canada (158,169)
Sociology (229)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2: Families: Changing Trends.docx

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McMaster University
David Young

Chapter Two Conceptualizing families: theoretical frameworks  Statistic Canada describes: o Census family  married couple with or without of either or both spouses o Couples living common-law with or without children of either or both spouses o Lone parent of marital status living with at least one child o Couples may be of same sex or different o Children include grandchildren and people have been previously married o Does not identify a family head  Lone parents are increasing as result of divorces, and women bearin children individually  Same sex marriage increasing o Legalized in june 2005 o Stephen harpers government wasn’t happy and tried to restore ‘traditional definintion of family’ when they were in power but were unsuccessful  Livein relationships increasing  Roman catholic church, pope benedict XVI urged us bishop to oppse same sex marriage o Catholic church believes marriage is sacred union between men and women, human and divine  ‘the war over the family’ written by Brigitte berger and peter berger o Femenists and the Christian new rights were fighting over the definintion of family in us o William gairdner said  Destroying trad family and in turn entire society  ‘’the anti-social fam’ written by Michele barrett nd mary mcintosh o Said nuclear family was anti-social o Priviledged over other relatonships and could be dangerous  Normative family models do not always work o Males are not always the wage earners in household, for example single moms  Family definitions guards rights o The will is granted to the imeediate family o When sick or ill the schoo/hospital contact family as oppose to friends or distant fam who are supporting you  Family is often the primary socialization agent in an infants live o Hence ‘self’ is related to family th  Early 20 century family definition was so strong that anyone disobeying that was subject to harsh social pressures st  Early 21 century calls for greater acceptance in relation to variations in families  19 century female were submissive to men in terms of legal power, finance  This greater acceptance in society led to confusion o Men were initially held responsible for the financial stability of their spouse o But now that wifes are working that does not hold true o However women have a poor status in the work field and so after support they may still require financial aid which is now ineligible  Child custody is an issue o 19 century male were given custdy o Later women proved to be care givers and got custody o Now they try to give to tho whoever Is in best interest of child which often gets confusing  Norm to be labelled at single or a couple  Polygamous relationships are taboos in society (multiple intimate sexual couples) o Houses, hotel rooms are built with only one master bedroom which does not accommodate more than one intimate couple living together  Office benefits are only given to one spouse  Family/friends close to child does not get claim but rather the parents do, who may not even care about the child  Theories around families o Patriarchal theory (prior to 1850)  Primamry family is a married man and women and their children  Practices genedered division of labour  Practiced in bourgeois and middle-class European society  This type of family was basis of social organization  The father had power  Their sons married, extended family and their fams resembled the original group  The system expanded till a point that a government was required to for authority  They were the extension of father/son in authority  Rest of the basic unit of society  rooted in judeo-chiristian this primary family system was god-given and rest other types of family were immoral o 1850 debates emerged to challenge this theory  The economic, social and political developments with capitalism  Lead to social unrest which shows the diversity in human social organizations  The social movement in europe supported women to not be oppressed in relationship  Other social movements proposed that children should be brought up collectively in community o Within pro-capitalist position there were two tendencies  1. Patriarchal families were essential  They called them procreative families, now known as nuclear families  Are the only universal biological form  This argument still exists within the roman catholic church  2. Influenced by the theory of evolution  John Lubbock and Herbert spencer (fathers of sociology) rejected patriarchal fams are primary form  Said society had evolved thru many stages and the key criteria that distinguishes these stages is family forms  Earliest state  marriage was unkown and people engaged in sexual mingling  Then marriage practices and sexual practices emerged  Gradually fallowed by patriarchal fams  political activists noted that there is a close correlation between changes in economica, political and social origanizations and the sexual division of labour, women power in relationships and martial practice nd children relative to adults  engles argues there are diff stages of development but they were distinguished by diff modes of production i.e capitalism, feudalism o each mode of production has a specific family form associated with it  engel showed development of class and state society was cause of the deteroation of pos
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