CHEM 112 Chapter Notes - Chapter 26.1-26.7: Unsaturated Hydrocarbon, Asymmetric Carbon, Stereoisomerism

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7 Dec 2016
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The simplest organic compounds are those with only carbon and hydrogen -> called hydrocarbons. The dashed and solid line notation: ordinary lines are used to represent bonds that lie in the plane of the paper. Constitutional isomerism: have different bond connectivities and thus different skeletal structures. Saturated hydrocarbons only have single bonds: unsaturated hydrocarbons can have double or triple hydrocarbon bonds, alkyl group a side chain of another hydrocarbon. Primary carbon is one carbon attached to one other carbon. Secondary carbon is one carbon attached to two other carbons. Tertiary carbon is one carbon attached to three other carbons: quaternary carbon is one carbon attached to four other carbons. Separate numbers from one another with commas and separate numbers from letters with dashes. List the substituents alphabetically by name, ignoring di, tri, sec, tert prefixes. Contains elements in addition to carbon and hydrogen that occur in one or several groupings of atoms: hydroxide, carboxyl, carbonyl, halogen, and more.

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