DEVS 100 Chapter 8: National Development Agencies & Bilateral Aid

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Chapter 8: National Development Agencies & Bilateral Aid
1. Which of the following statements accurately defines ‘bilateral aid’?. Bilateral aid is provided
directly to the government of a developing country by the government of an industrialized
country.
2. Which of the following is NOT a criterion under the definition of ‘official development assistance’?
Ecological sustainability in the recipient countries as the main objective
3. ‘Tied aid’ is defined as foreign aid that must be used to purchase goods and services from the
donor country
4. Recent controversies over official development assistance have NOT been concerned with
development as a goal
5. China has recently gained attention for the foreign aid it is providing to Africa
6. Approximately what percentage of ODA is provided by members of the Development Assistance
Committee? 95 per cent
7. When was the period of ‘aid fatigue’? 1991–1997
8. Which of the following countries provided the highest amount of official development assistance
in absolute terms in 2008? US
9. Which of the following countries provided the highest amount of official development assistance
in relative terms in 2008? Sweden
10. Which of the following was NOT one of the largest official development assistance recipients in
2008? Nigeria
1. The term ‘foreign aid’ is often used interchangeably with the term ‘official development assistance’.
True
2. Funds from non-governmental organizations are included in the category of official development
assistance. False
3. Most countries that provide foreign aid belong to the Development Assistance Committee. True
4. Some developing countries have their own donor programs. True
5. The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) channels US foreign aid to countries that meet certain
criteria involving the presence of free market, democracy, and good governance. True
6. Asia receives more foreign aid than any other region. False
7. Most of the increase in ODA since 2000 has been due to debt cancellations and aid to Iraq and
Afghanistan. True
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