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Chapter 2

PSYC 241 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Hazel Rose Markus, Parenting Styles, Twin Study

Course Code
PSYC 241
Tara Mac Donald

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The Self In a Social World
What shapes our sense of self
- genetic dispositions
- past experiences (schemas formed) memories
- our beliefs and feelings about ourselves and others
- culture/al norms (gender ect)
- socio economic background
- race, age
- peer group, family (parenting styles) social groups
- future goals
The scientific study oh how we think about one another. Social
Sense of being yourself, is associated with your right hemisphere.
Neuroscientist believe that the right hemisphere of our brain has an
important role to play in the sense of being yourself.
Eg One patient with right hemisphere damage failed to recognize that he
owned and was controlling his left hand Decety & sommerville, 2003
Hazel Markus on self and culture the US thinks more in the I
Power of the Situation
Ellis Eagly: Social construction of gender
Self Schemas: The beliefs about self that organize and guide the
processing of self relevant info. The are mental template that help
organize our world.
- Self schemas affect how we perceive, remember and evaluate others,
ourselves and the world around us. Those that make up our self-concept
help us organize our experiences. guides our beh.
Possible selves are the people we wish to become, or the people we fear
of becoming. These possible selves motivate us w/ a vision of the life we
long for, ad the life we hope to avoid.
Both Genetics (twin studies) and social experience influence personality.
Some influences:
Our social identity
The comparisons we make with others
Our successes and failures
How other people judge us
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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