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Chapter 5

PSYC 335 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Positive Youth Development, Soundness, Goal Setting

Course Code
PSYC 335
Dean A Tripp

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CH 5: Living Well at Every Stage of Life
Friday, October 20, 2017
3:11 PM
Resilience researchers and positive youth development scholars have shared interest in the positive
traits and outcomes of young people
Resilience researchers identify the naturally occurring personal and enviro resources that help
children and youth overcome life's challenges
Positive youth developmentalists put the findings of resilience researchers and other positive psycs
into action and give growth a nudge by conducting programs that help youth capitalize on their
personal assets and enviro resources
Developmental theories
Resilience in Childhood
Children who triumphed in the face of adversity and severe challenges
Usually defined as bouncing back to normal functioning after a threat, although some see it as
overcoming overwhelming odds to become stronger
Resilience may be linked to culture: positive feelings about the self and ones culture may promote
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External adaptation (meeting the social, education, cultural, and occupational expectations of
society) is necessary in order to determine who is resilient
Researchers are split on whether internal adaptation (positive psychological well-being) is
necessary as well
Emmy Werner: the mother of resiliency
o Identified resilient ppl and got to know them really well over time
o Studied children born in Hawaii at risk for problems due to deficits in family support and
home enviros (poverty, alcoholism, domestic violence)
o One-third appeared invulnerable to the risks
o 2 primary characteristics were identified in these children:
1. Born with outgoing qualities
2. Were able to engage several sources of support
o Better care during infancy, intelligence, and perceptions of self-worth also contributed to
positive outcomes
o Other 2/3s of children developed significant life problems, but by their 30s most reported that
they had bounced back
o Over time, 80% of the original group of children had bounced back
Many who were resilient attributed this to the support of one caring adult
Resilience Resources
Protective factors in development have been and continue to be identified in research
While these resources are positive for most people, there a few universal resources (with the
possible exception that a caring adult is important for a child to adapt)
Culture and past experiences influence resiliency
These resources and strategies have been used to develop thousands of programs to help young
people bounce back
o Many don't take culture into account, so important to adopt programs that have been effective
with similar youth
Protective factors
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