Textbook Notes (362,865)
Canada (158,079)
Sociology (163)
SOCY 122 (65)

Sociology Notes Week 17

10 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
SOCY 122
Rob Beamish

Sociology Notes Week 17 Deviant Behaviour o Social Disorganization theory see book o Is something deviant because it is not part of the normal world of behaviour that one expects statistical margins of social behaviours Because it is associated with harmful action? Intrinsically deviant i.e. theft, murder, child abuse, rape o Does lack of clarity make things less deviant i.e. a starving child stealing food from a national grocery store o Are homosexuals deviant because they do not follow the norm of heterosexuality o Is smoking because it is harmful to the consumer and second hand dangers / tax payers money for health care deviant? o Study of deviant behaviour involves complex sociological issues o In some contexts killing can be thought of as murder and in another it can be celebrated as a heroic action o Panoticonism: Foucaults way of understanding the intensification of power and the expansion of surveillance (self and external) Added influential postmodernism perspective to the study of human behaviour and identification of deviance o Durkheims study of suicide modernist approach to the study of social behaviour and definition of deviance within that tradition Trying to theoretically understand social behaviour created conditions that led to postmodernist approaches Durkheims Study of Suicide o Useful for studying deviant behaviour because: Suicide is an atypical behaviour that was at one time unlawful Durkheims work sits at the origins of sociology as an independent discipline The way he treated suicide initiated how sociologists approached deviant behaviour sociologically Looking at theories of deviance in a historical sketch shows how the concept of deviant behaviour has been defined o Approach to suicide and deviant behaviour centered on three points: Society precedes each member of society one is born into an already existing society Every new born individual is subjected to a variety of social influences which are internalized through socialization Socialization individuals learn normal expectations and can infer what is inappropriate and abnormal The more an individual is integrated into the society the more they are socialized into dominant belief systems of society The more a person subscribes to dominant collective representations the more they conform to socially prescribed norms Those who are not well socialized / do not subscribe to dominant social expectations adopt beliefs or engage in behaviours different from the normal Defined as deviant o Deviant whether or not behaviours are labeled not-normal but also undesirable depends on behaviours as well as the tolerance of the society o Two points of importance from approach to deviant behaviour: Durkheim believed societies where characterized by a dominant conscience collective governed behaviour Behaviours not consistent with the prescriptions of collective consciousness are labeled deviant May also be labeled undesirable They could also be accepted as a widening of what is thought of as acceptable behaviour Durkheim believed tat there were core collective representations that dominated a society Provided reference point around individual members were socialized When socialization is successful individuals become members of the society Internalize collective representations, beliefs /codes of behaviour o Durkheim identified 3 major categories of suicide: Egoistic: Depending on gender, religion, marital status and family some are more integrated in value system that guides actions personal decision (selfishness) Catholic married females are the most integrated and least likely to follow individual courses of action Protestant single males with no families or dependents are more likely to be guided by the ego Type of socialization matters Altruistic: Dying for a greater good arises when collective representations value the individual less than the social whole Connected to religious belief systems Anomic: A lack of integration in society and weak social regulation and lack of stability / collective consciousness Under certain social conditions it is difficult to determine what one should do normlessness / anomie When a social system is unable to present a clear set of social values individual must rely on themselves o Increased instances of suicide / other deviant behaviouro Egoistic and altruistic emphasize the extent to which an individual is free to determine their own course of action The extent to which society and the socialization process leave decisions to the ego o Social systems demonstrating strong integrating capacities and bind individuals to collective goals have lower rates of deviant behaviour Deviant behaviour is more likely when individual is socialized into system where right/wrong rests more with individual than the dominant social values Stronger mechanisms of social control ensure people conform to the social norm Dominant value system that places individual freedom above conformity provides broader spectrum of behaviour / deviance In societies where the interests of the social whole are above the individual there will be less deviance Ability to integrate individuals into systems collective interests is a key factor preventing suicide / deviance o Strong core of cohesive social values is needed to prevent deviant behaviour o When socialization is incomplete there is greater likelihood that an individual pursue actions different from
More Less

Related notes for SOCY 122

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.