Session 9 Reading Robinson Biodiv Ethics.docx

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Developmt &Sustainability
DEVS 201
James Busumtwi- Sam

Ethical pluralism, pragmatism, and sustainability in conservation practice by John G Robinson Introduction  “ethical values and obligations provide reason for action”  2 approaches to ethical obligation to nature o “establishing parks and other protected areas to protect wild species and natural systems” o restricting the “harvest and consumption of wild species and their products”  both approaches restrict access to natural resources  restriction of access can limit people’s ability to make a living  may restrict rights of Indigenous people  “new conservation debate” o restriction of resources restricting people’s rights  argument over hierarchy of rights o right to live, right to live if it contributes to the well being of people  choice of conservationists depends on the context  different groups have different ideologies  ultimately conservation choice must be realistic and “respond to the long term potential for sustainability” Values and Ideologies  ideologies “based on pre experiential principles and moral commitments”  4 dominant ideologies o intrinsic value, pro indigenous conservation, pro poor conservation, and economism  intrinsic value is conserving biodiversity for its own sake  others assume human to have rights and other species to have no rights and considered as resources Intrinsic Value and Holistic Approaches to Conservation  BD valued for their own sake and their contribution to the whole  To protect the whole, people must protect BD  Seek to maintain the ecological system  Non anthropocentric  Protect even if not culturally or economically important Traditional Values and Indigenous People as Conservationists  BD provides a non substitutable cultural element  Contributes to groups identity  Indigenous people natural care takers of eco systems o Support them for conservation  Hold essential knowledge  History of maintaining and modifying land for sustainability  Indigenous people have unique rights and priority access to certain land and resources Pro-poor Conservation  People depend on natural resources so need to protect them  BD can help eliminate poverty  The maintenance of future generations, intergenerational equity  Loss today will be compensated by gains in the future  Conservation must be responsive to human needs  Conservation as tool to address problem of poverty  Pro-poor conservation aims to manage ‘‘landscapes that include adequate areas to serve as sources of fauna and flora for lo- cal people, especially those who are vulnerable and marginalized”  More broad goals Economism  Bd has value because it adds to economic well being of people  “Nature considered a resource”  doesn’t privilege specific groups  doesn’t favor all parts of BD
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