DEVS 201 Chapter Notes -Intergenerational Equity, Anthropocentrism, Takers

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
Course
Ethical pluralism, pragmatism, and sustainability in conservation practice by
John G Robinson
Introduction
“ethical values and obligations provide reason for action”
2 approaches to ethical obligation to nature
o “establishing parks and other protected areas to protect wild species
and natural systems”
o restricting the “harvest and consumption of wild species and their
products”
both approaches restrict access to natural resources
restriction of access can limit people’s ability to make a living
may restrict rights of Indigenous people
“new conservation debate”
o restriction of resources restricting people’s rights
argument over hierarchy of rights
o right to live, right to live if it contributes to the well being of people
choice of conservationists depends on the context
different groups have different ideologies
ultimately conservation choice must be realistic and “respond to the long
term potential for sustainability”
Values and Ideologies
ideologies “based on pre experiential principles and moral commitments”
4 dominant ideologies
o intrinsic value, pro indigenous conservation, pro poor
conservation, and economism
intrinsic value is conserving biodiversity for its own sake
others assume human to have rights and other species to have no rights
and considered as resources
Intrinsic Value and Holistic Approaches to Conservation
BD valued for their own sake and their contribution to the whole
To protect the whole, people must protect BD
Seek to maintain the ecological system
Non anthropocentric
Protect even if not culturally or economically important
Traditional Values and Indigenous People as Conservationists
BD provides a non substitutable cultural element
Contributes to groups identity
Indigenous people natural care takers of eco systems
o Support them for conservation
Hold essential knowledge
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Document Summary

Ethical pluralism, pragmatism, and sustainability in conservation practice by. Ethical values and obligations provide reason for action . 2 approaches to ethical obligation to nature: establishing parks and other protected areas to protect wild species and natural systems , restricting the harvest and consumption of wild species and their products . Both approaches restrict access to natural resources. Restriction of access can limit people"s ability to make a living. New conservation debate : restriction of resources restricting people"s rights. Argument over hierarchy of rights: right to live, right to live if it contributes to the well being of people. Choice of conservationists depends on the context. Ultimately conservation choice must be realistic and respond to the long term potential for sustainability . Values and ideologies ideologies based on pre experiential principles and moral commitments . 4 dominant ideologies intrinsic value, pro indigenous conservation, pro poor conservation, and economism intrinsic value is conserving biodiversity for its own sake.

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